How To Put Shingles On A Shed Roof
06 February 2017
With a lifespan of around eight years, felt roofing shingles are a durable and affordable way to give your roof felt extra protection, making your shed roof last longer.
This quick guide and video tutorial shows you how to lay shingles onto an apex roof, but you can cover any flat or pent shed roof in less than a day, using the same techniques.
How To Shingle A Shed Roof
Functions of Roof ShinglesSafety Measures When Shingling a Shed RoofStep by Step Guide On How To Shingle A Shed RoofStep 1 Remove Old Roofing Materials Step 2 Apply Roofing PaperStep 3 Layer the ShinglesProperly Size the ShinglesStart With the Bottom of the RoofThe First Row after Starter Narrow RowLay the Second Row and Every Other OneCovering Chimneys and VentsStep 4 Cap the Top
Make Sure The Roof Structure Is Sound Before You Start
But first things first, if you are building a shed from scratch make sure the shed frame is square and level before you begin your roof construction. Once all beams are in place, cover with 12 mm exterior-grade plywood sheathing. Make sure you buy exterior-grade plywood because it is moisture resistant and less likely to warp when exposed to outdoor conditions.
The plywood sheathing should be laid with the grain of the plywood perpendicular to the roof rafters. Laying the sheathing this way ensures that you create a sound structure.
Use a chalk-line to mark each plywood sheet, snapping the line to clearly mark where the rafter beam is located. Then, in accordance with local guidelines, nail the sheathing to the rafter beam using 2″ galvanized nails. Some local guidelines may suggest nailing the sheathing to the rafter beams every 4″ or 6″, the requirements vary based on local weather conditions such as hurricanes, tornados, and snow loads.
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How To Shingle A Shed Roof Ridge
The tabs of the last row of shingles should come within 5-1/2 of the ridge. Fold the top of the shingle over the ridge. Nail the fold-over to the other roof deck. Once both roof decks have been shingled and ridge has two layers of shingle tops folded over it, youre ready for the finishing touches.
To shingle a roof ridge or hip, it is best to use the tabs from 3-tab shingles. The thicker tabs from architectural shingles tend to crack and not sit flat.
Cut the shingle into 3 equal pieces by extending the tab slot. Cut the upper corners at about 30 degrees, going from the slot indent to the top edge about 2 in at that edge.
Start at the left of the ridge and work to the right or the bottom of the hip and work up. Bend the shingle tab over the ridge or hip, secure with nails 6 up and 1 in from the edge.
The next shingle tab over-laps so only 5-1/2 of the previous tab is exposed. Repeat until the ridge or hip is done.
The last piece is usually only the colored granular tab being nailed over the upper part of the next-to-last shingle tab.
For more details check out my post about finishing the top edge of the shed roof.
Why Should You Use Felt Paper On Your Shed Roof
There are a number of reasons for the installation of felt paper on your shed roof.
- It repels water.
- In the event of ice and water damage it will provide back up protection.
- It provides extra protection against the weather.
- It may be required by your building code in your local municipality.
- It will protect your roof decking while working on your roof.
- It will help your shed roof look better. It will provide a more uniform look and prevent that picture frame effect from the edges of the roof panels.
- Felt paper prevents stains from wood resins.
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Your Personal Style & Desired Aesthetic For Your Roof
Do you pick an unusual color for your neighborhood or do you go more traditional?
Check out what your neighbors have done and decide if you like it.
You need to also consider what is typical for your area and climate, along with any rules from your homeowners association or any similar types of community boards.
Using style boards and other tools to decide on the shade and material of your roof can be incredibly useful.
Roofing color charts are also readily available online so you can input the colors of your home and other factors and youll get a variety of options to consider.
While your personal aesthetic and desired look for your roof is the most important part of the roof placement puzzle, you should also be mindful of your neighborhood, even if you dont have an HOA or similar organization to deal with.
After all, they have to look at your house too, and if you live in a historic neighborhood or area with a specific style, you might be best served by sticking within those guidelines or that overall look and feel.
Whether it is because of the tradition in the area or because those roofing materials and shingle colors are best for the local weather and climate , there is probably a good reason and its worth at least thinking about before you make your final decision about your choice of a new roof.
Dont forget that your garage, shed, or other outbuildings will need a roof too!
How To Build A Shed Roof
This article was co-authored by David Bitan. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner and founder of Bumble Roofing based in Southern California. With over 12 years of construction industry experience, David specializes in restoring, repairing, and maintaining residential, commercial, and industrial roofs. With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches.There are 22 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 235,361 times.
Whether youre building a brand new shed or re-roofing an existing structure, its important to know the best way to cover it. Start by choosing a roof style that suits your needs and preferences for your shed. From there, you can begin measuring, cutting, and arranging your rafter boards in the desired configuration. After that, its simply a matter of laying down plywood sheathing and installing your roofing material of choice for long-lasting protection against the elements.
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Cut Off Excess Shingles
Count how many shingles are required to cover the roof from one edge to another. Make cuts in the solid part of each three-tab shingle to match the ones on the opposing side. Cover the ridge of the shed’s roof with these cut shingles. Center each shingle on the ridge of the roof and nail them into place by hammering roofing nails into the edges of the tabs. Cut off any excess when you reach the end of the roof so that the shingles are flush with the roof.
Things You Will Need
Types Of Dormer Roofs
Here are the different types of dormers that have been designed over the years to let in light and add more space to attics.
Dormer roofs are the little rooms that project from a roof and allow more space and light in the top floor or attic. As architectural styles have shifted, architects and builders have invented more ways to build dormers. Here are 12 different types of dormer roofs and their history.
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Proper Nailing Techniques For Optimal Performance Of Asphalt Shingles
Roofing shingles have specific guidelines for how they should be fastened to your roof. They relate primarily to the quantity, location, and driving method of the roofing nails.
Proper installation is essential for optimum shingle performance and for compliance with the International Building Code. Learn where and how to nail shingles to ensure performance and holding power.
How To Lay Shingles
This article was co-authored by David Bitan. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner and founder of Bumble Roofing based in Southern California. With over 12 years of construction industry experience, David specializes in restoring, repairing, and maintaining residential, commercial, and industrial roofs. With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches.wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. In this case, 90% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. This article has been viewed 645,424 times.
Shingles protect sloping rooftops from the effects of rain, snow and hail while providing an attractive crown for the house. Keeping a solid roofing layer of shingles is an important way to avoid water damage and leaks. Doing it properly will keep you without problems for 20 or 40 years. Laying shingles can be hard and hot work, but the reward of an attractive, watertight roof can be worth it.
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Lay The Starter Strip Then Continue Along The Roof Front To Back
Lay a starter strip. Take your first strip of shingles, and point the hexagonal tabs towards the apex. Place the strip flush against the front, with the straight side along the edge of the roof. Remove the adhesive backing, and fix down with clout nails.
Finish the rest of the row in the same way. When you reach the back, there may be some excess. Trim this off with a knife.
For the next row, reverse the shingles and point the hexagonal tabs towarsds the roof edge. Position the shingles directly on top of the starter strip. Remove the adhesive backing, and fix down with nails.
If you’ve got your strip in the right position, the nails will go through both strips. Continue with the rest of the row, and carry on until that side of the roof is done.
Repeat for the other side.
How To Shingle A Playhouse Or Shed Roof
May 3, 2017 by Gina Michele
Yesterday I showed you guys the DIY sandbox with roof that we built for Indigo’s 2nd birthday. We knew that the perfect finishing touch would be to shingle the roof. Not only are shingles essential for protecting the roof, they make any project look more attractive and finished. Let’s face it- a plywood roof doesn’t look so hot! I partnered up with Timberline® shingles from GAF to show you how totally do-able it is to shingle a playhouse or shed roof. I’ve done my fair share of DIY home projects but I’ve never used shingles before. I always thought they they were best left to contractors and other professionals. Not true!!! I was surprised at how easy it was to shingle a small structure. As soon as we finished this project I started looking for other things to shingle- chicken coop, you’re next!
I decided to use Timberline® Natural Shadow® shingles in Shakewood. I wanted a natural color that complimented the unfinished wood. Timberline® is the best selling shingle in North America and I can totally see why! They come in a wide variety of colors to enhance any project and they’re very durable. As soon as I took them out of the packing, I knew these built to last! I outlined all the steps below, so you guys can see that shingles definitely aren’t intimidating as you might think!
upside down directly on top
Repeat these 2 rows until you reach the top of the roof. Repeat on the other side.
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Basic Planning And Preparation Before Installing Roof Shingles
I helped shingle my first roof almost 50 years ago. The biggest change is safety. The steeper the roof, the greater the risk, and the need for a roof harness.
Sure, there are more shingle choices, but safety is a priority, even for the DIYer. Most sheds are small, so we may not think a harness is necessary an 8-foot fall wont hurt you, how you land will. Remember, the smaller the roof, the closer to the edges you always are.
Ideally, pick a calm, clear dry day that isnt too hot or cold . Be aware that moisture makes a roof slippery. I once stepped from the dry, sunny side of a roof onto the shady side which still had dew on it.
Roof surfing may be your idea of fun its not on my list to repeat. Asphalt shingles are more flexible in warmer temperatures and more brittle in cold temps. Also, the sealing strip doesnt stick if its cold.
A helper or two can make the task go faster, and easier. You can rent safety harnesses, roof jacks, and planks, even ladder lifts. Having the rented tools ready for the right weather conditions may be a problem. You can make your own jacks and ladder lifts if you want.
To calculate the number of shingles you need, multiply the length x the width of the roof deck to get the area. Divide the area by the area a bundle of shingles will cover. A bundle covers about 33sqft, or 1/3 of a square, which is 100sqft.
For example, a 10×12 roof deck is 120sqft. Divided by 33sqft, and Ill need 3.63 or 4 full bundles.
Proper Drip Edge Installing For Shed Roof
I will be installing my roof underlayment and drip edges this weekend on my shed roof. I know the drip edge at the low slope eave goes underneath the underlayment and the drip edges at the rake go above the underlayment. But how about the drip edge at the upper slope of the roof? I am planning on installing this last . Is this correct?
Additionally, is it adequate to use the same drip edge for edges of the roof? Or will I need a different angle for the top of the roof?
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Install 6 Rows Of Asphalt Shingles
The sixth step is to install the first six rows of shingles. Each row of shingles will be offset from the previous row by 6 inches. This prevents water from running down between shingle joints and into the shed.
Start at the same end of the eve that you started the starter strip on and install a full 36 inch long shingle over the starter strip. Maintain the same â” overhang of the drip edge by lining the shingle up with the starter strip.
Each shingle gets 4 nails. One on each end and one above each of the slits. Nails are typically installed â of an inch from the top of the slits and not in the tar strip.
Continue installing the first row using full 36 inch shingles.
Cut the end of the first row before moving to the second row so you will have the reference point for the 3/8 inch overhang when you cut the next few rows of shingles that are installed.
Start the second row with a 6 inch offset from the first row and using full 36 inch long shingle.
Continue installing rows of shingles always starting with the 6 inch offset and letting the ends overhang the rake until you have 6 rows installed.
As you install each row you will visually line it up with the horizontal marks you made on the building paper to keep the rows straight.
Now return to the starting ends of the shingles and install filler pieces. Make sure that the pieces follow the same joint offset pattern as the singles previously installed on the roof.
On the first runs of roofing you will not have much scrap.
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Sorry, I’ve forgotten – is it a standing seam snap-lock roof?
Grey Wolf, Malcolm’s question is obviously relevant. We need to know what type of roofing you intend to install to give you advice.
Just so you understand the relevant vocabulary: drip-edge flashing is used for eaves and rakes. At the ridge of a shed roof, in most cases a ridge cap, not drip-edge, would be installed.
Hi Malcolm and Martin,
The roof will be 16″ snap lock on 24 OC . I attached a picture of what my shed style roof will look like.
Would trim serve the same purpose? I have only seen ridge caps on gable style roofs. Do you happen to have any online resources/pictures I can look at?
Also wanted to note that I will be using Ed dorado roof battens underneath the metal roof . Would it be foolish to install rake edge trim, because this would block the horizontal air flow?
Grey Wolf, Most steel roofing manufacturers also sell different types of flashing. The first step is to contact the manufacturer of your roofing to ask them about the trim and flashing options that the company offers.
Hey Martin, yep I did and have everything ordered already. They didn’t mention anything about a ridge cap. I got matching color trim and drip edge.
Here is what they included in my order. I was originally planning on a drip edge at the ridge. I am picking it up today and will ask them about that again.
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