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What Causes Swollen Gums And Roof Of Mouth

Swollen Roof Of Mouth Near Teeth While Eating Causes And Treatments


beautynew July 6, 2016HealthComments Off on Swollen Roof of Mouth Near Teeth, While Eating, Causes and Treatments5,077 Views

The roof of the mouth is made of the soft and hard palate. While the hard palate is made up of a flat bony parcel, the soft palate is made up of soft tissue. These are thin and delicate which makes it sensitive and quite susceptible to damage. As a result, a swollen roof of mouth is a common issue. While this is normally of great concern to the victims, swelling in the palate can result from a number of things most of which only bring discomfort. Below we explore the causes, treatments and when to see a doctor over a roof of mouth swelling.

What Are Swollen Gums

Gum swelling results from excess fluid in the soft tissues of the gums and may be accompanied by redness, pain, sores, ulcers and bleeding. Poor oral hygiene, resulting in inflammation or infection, is the most common cause of swollen gums. The symptoms may be constant or variable and may worsen when eating or drinking. If is present, it may be described as sharp, dull, stabbing, burning or throbbing, ranging in intensity from mild to severe.

Depending on the cause, swollen gums may be present in only a small part of a gum , or at the gum line . Other conditions may produce swelling in the entire area of the gums. Gingivitis and other types of inflammatory conditions are among the most common causes of swollen gums.

Vitamin deficiencies, such as vitamin C deficiency, which causes scurvy, and , can be associated with symptoms that involve both the mouth and the gums. Rare disorders of the immune system, such as human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or Behcets syndrome , can also produce symptoms in the mouth and gums. Infections of the skin and soft tissue or bone are further causes of swollen gums.

The duration and course of swollen gums vary widely, depending on the cause. Symptoms caused by inflammation often have a sudden onset. In other cases, swollen gums resulting from underlying vitamin deficiencies or chronic conditions develop slowly and persist or worsen over time.

Symptoms Causes And Remedies For Sores At The Roof Of Mouth


Not only you can experience swelling in the mouth, but you may also come across other severe symptoms such as pain, dry mouth, sores, and blisters.


In severe cases, pain also occurs at the roof of the mouth alongside swelling. Although the reason behind this problem is usually not too intense, in a few cases some of the conditions behind this pain are quite serious. These include liver diseases, hepatitis, and oral cancer.


Dry mouth is a condition that is indicative of several problems. Usually, dry mouth is a common symptom of trauma or an obstruction in the saliva glands. Being heavy on liquor can also result in dehydration that causes mouth dryness and swelling in the roof of the mouth.


Cold sores lead to small nodules or bumps being formed in the mouth, commonly on the sides of your tongue. As these increase in size, these spots can become irritating and painful.


When the levels of electrolytes in your body decrease drastically, then you may suffer muscle spasms, cramps, and painful contractions. Therefore, it is extremely crucial to maintaining sufficient levels of minerals that would keep dehydration at bay.

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When To Seek Medical Advice

For a usually healthy child, call your child’s healthcare provider right away if any of these occur:

  • Your child has a fever .

  • Your child can’t eat or drink due to mouth pain.

  • Your child shows unusual fussiness, drowsiness, or confusion.

  • Your child shows symptoms of dehydration. This may include no wet diapers for 8 hours, no tears when crying, sunken eyes, or a dry mouth.

Proven Remedies That You Can Try At The Comfort Of Your Home

Got a dental abscess? Tooth infection symptoms, causes and ...


Having anti-bacterial properties, salt helps in easing out the pain caused from mouth sores. More so, it also aids in the sterilization of the mouth keeping germs and bacteria at bay. Therefore, mix salt and water, swish it in your mouth and spit it out. Do it for a minute daily for a week and see the amazing results for yourself.


Be it open wounds or inflammation in the mouth Aloe Vera is good for all. Not only this, but it also provides you with a soothing sensation so cut open a leaf, take the aloe Vera gel on your fingertip and spread it across the infected area. Repeat this twice daily for fast and effective results.


Hold an ice cube on the affected area and watch the cold sensation lock up the blood flow in that area and give you a cooling sensation.


Having anti-bacterial as well as anti-inflammatory properties, the tea tree oil is your ultimate rescue for mouth sores. Mix one quarts of this magical oil with three quarts of water, swish the mixture in your mouth for thirty seconds and spit.


Mixing equal parts of coconut milk with honey and rubbing it to the affected area provides comfort from mouth sores.

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Duration Of Mouth Lesions

As noted above, both canker sores and cold sores tend to go away on their own in a week or two. But complex canker sores last longer, may take several weeks to heal, and may cause scarring.

Always check with your doctor or dentist if you have unusually large or painful canker sores or sores that don’t seem to heal.

Why Is The Top Of The Inside Of The Mouth Wrinkly

The inside of your mouth contains a series of folds called palatine rugae, but what are they for? From a biological perspective they are there to help the ball of food move around your mouth and help guide it towards the back of your mouth for swallowing.

Interesting fact: Did you know that the patterns of the palatine rugae have been used in criminal cases to identify unique individuals? Kind of like a dental fingerprint, who knew!

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What Are Mouth Lesions Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment And Prevention

Sometimes it happens when youre eating and, suddenly, you bite the side of your cheek. Or you notice a stinging and redness on your upper or lower lip and you know whats coming: a cold sore. Or maybe you have a canker sore one painful enough that it makes enjoying a meal difficult. You wouldnt be alone.

Cold sores also called fever blisters are caused by herpes simplex virus 1. You might hear them called oral herpes, and they occur around and in the mouth. Theyre contagious.

Unlike cold sores, canker sores, which occur mainly inside the mouth, aren’t contagious. They develop on the tissues in the mouth or at the base of the gums, and they can be quite painful.

But whatever their type or origin, most of us have experienced painful sores on the mouth, lips, tongue, and inner cheek. And while they rarely call for a trip to the doctor, they can be embarrassing, especially if they are visible.

Heres what you need to know and what to do about these mostly harmless lesions.

Signs And Symptoms Of Mouth Lesions

A Bump On The Palate

A person with a mouth or tongue lesion may have lumps, bumps, little ulcers, or cuts inside or outside of their mouth and lips. The first thing to do is to identify the problem, since there are many different types of sores.

Use a bright light and a magnifying mirror to examine the inside of your mouth, even sticking out your tongue to check for lacerations or swelling on the top, bottom, and sides. You might want to check for any redness, shininess, or swelling in the mouth, on the gums, or on or under your tongue. You may also see white patches or pus in your mouth.

Youll know you have a canker sore if you see a red ring around a white or yellow center. They tend to be small less than 1 millimeter but may be up to 1 inch in diameter. Canker sores form on or under your tongue, inside your cheeks or lips, at the base of your gums, or at the back of the roof of your mouth.

Cold sores are blisters filled with fluid. You can often feel a cold sore coming on before they show up. Youll feel some tingling or burning in the area, or you might feel a sore throat.

Related: How Do I Know if I Have Herpes or Something Else?

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Swollen Gums On Roof Of Mouth

Ask U.S. doctors your own question and get educational, text answers â it’s anonymous and free!

Ask U.S. doctors your own question and get educational, text answers â it’s anonymous and free!

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Swollen Gums Roof Mouth

Ask U.S. doctors your own question and get educational, text answers â it’s anonymous and free!

Ask U.S. doctors your own question and get educational, text answers â it’s anonymous and free!

HealthTap doctors are based in the U.S., board certified, and available by text or video.

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Home Remedies For Sore Roof Of Mouth

There are home remedies for the variety of causes for the roof of your mouth being sore. If you arent sure if you should try a particular treatment, make sure to talk to your doctor first before attempting them. The following are five remedies that may help you out, and can be done in your own home.

Oral Trauma / Burned Your Mouth

5 Reaons the Roof of Your Mouth is Swollen

The most common reason why you would say the roof of my mouth hurts is because something physically hurt/traumatized/burned it.

  • Symptoms: Usually, there is moderate to severe tenderness or pain on a specific point in the roof of your mouth. Eating hard foods like tortilla chips or burning your mouth on hot pizza are common causes of trauma. Oral burns to your palate can also occur if youre smoking, due to the heat and inhaled fumes . Smoking-related burns tend to cause a white area with tiny pinprick dots across it.

  • Treatment: Try to prevent food or your tongue from coming into contact with the traumatized area. Allow several days to heal. If you smoke or use recreational inhalants, now is a great time to kick the habit.

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Treatment For Common Forms Of Stomatitis

Mouth sores generally don’t last longer than two weeks, even without treatment. If a cause can be identified, your doctor may be able to treat it. If a cause cannot be identified, the focus of treatment shifts to symptom relief.

The following strategies might help to ease the pain and inflammation of mouth sores:

  • Avoid hot beverages and foods as well as salty, spicy, and citrus-based foods.
  • Use pain relievers like Tylenol or ibuprofen.
  • Gargle with cool water or suck on ice pops if you have a mouth burn.

For canker sores, the aim of treatment is to relieve discomfort and guard against infection. Try the following:

  • Drink more water.
  • Practice proper dental care.
  • Apply a topical anesthetic such as lidocaine or xylocaine to the ulcer .
  • Use a topical corticosteroid preparation such as triamcinolone dental paste , which protects a sore inside the lip and on the gums.
  • Blistex and Campho-Phenique may offer some relief of canker sores and cold sores, especially if applied when the sore first appears.


Causes And Risk Factors Of Mouth Lesions

Sores on the tongue or inside the mouth may also be caused or exacerbated by other infections, inflammation, stress, or, very rarely, cancer. If the sore is deep, or if it gets irritated or infected, it may also bleed.

Some mouth sores and lesions may have more obvious causes, such as sharp or broken teeth or braces with protruding wires.

Gritting or gnashing your teeth, especially while sleeping, can cause tiny bites on the inside of your cheeks. Gum disease and inflammation can also cause bleeding in and around the gumline.

Biting your tongue or chewing your lips can cause pain, swelling, and even small cuts. Drinking hot liquids, smoking cigarettes and cigars, and consuming alcoholic beverages can also lead to mouth lesions, as can brushing or flossing too vigorously or using a hard toothbrush.

Cold sores, because theyre a form of herpes, are transmitted by oral-to-oral contact and through saliva, which means you can develop them through kissing or by sharing utensils with someone who has a cold sore. This type of herpes virus can also be transmitted to the genitals through oral-genital contact and cause genital herpes.

While cold sores are caused by a virus, the exact cause of canker sores is unknown. But there are several things than can trigger an outbreak. These include food allergies, stress, hormonal changes, vitamin deficiencies, or even spicy foods. Acidic fruits and vegetables may also trigger canker sores.

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Abnormal Sensation Vs Lost Sensation

Oral paresthesia refers to an abnormal sensation in the mouth. These sensations may include tingling, prickling or feeling like your mouth is swollen or burning, reports an article published in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research.

Alternately, oral hypoesthesia refers to a loss of sensation in the mouth, explains the textbook Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. People with this type of numbness may notice that they’re less able to sense various stimuli inside their mouths. For example, you may be less able to perceive temperature, touch or pressure in the affected areas.

Periodontitis And Bleeding Gums

Red Spots on Roof of Mouth

If gingivitis is left untreated it can develop into a more advanced form of gum disease called periodontitis.

If plaque is left on the teeth too long, it can harden into a calcified material called calculus or tartar. Once plaque is turned into calculus, you need to visit you dental hygienist to get a routine cleaning and exam. Your dental professional will need to use special tools to remove the hardened plaque.

If you develop periodontitis or perio disease, your dental professional will likely perform a procedure on you called scaling and root planing. You need to get this resolved quickly as perio disease can contribute to bone loss which can then lead to tooth loss. Periodontitis is not reversible but you can treat it and stop it from advancing.

Gum disease has been becoming increasingly linked to overall health. Studies have shown many links to heart disease, diabetes and strokes.

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What Causes Roof Of The Mouth To Be Sore And Swollen

The roof of the mouth can become swollen due to a number of reasons. Some of the common causes include:

  • Infections
  • The roof of the mouth can become swollen due to viruses or other infection. The typical cause of mouth sores is herpes simplex virus. The common cause of recurring mouth sores that are painful are chickenpox virus and varicella-zoster.Tooth decay and poor oral hygiene can result in bacterial infection that causes swelling and soreness. Patients with AIDs are prone of getting sores on the roof of the mouth due to due to overproduction of candida yeast, and syphilis.

  • Physical Trauma
  • Swellings and pain in the roof of the mouth could be due to injury or trauma. The trauma could be due to biting a cheek accidentally or be due to orthodontic or dental procedures. The use of acidic foods or fruits can cause more harm in the roof of the mouth.

  • Smoking and Tobacco Use
  • It contains toxic substances that can irritate the skin tissue in the mouth. Excessive use of tobacco can contribute to roof of mouth pain by complicating other conditions, such as drying of the mouth, an imbalance in pH, and reducing the bodys immune properties.

  • Medical Treatments
  • Roof of the mouth pain is the common side effects of certain medical terms. The condition is quite common to patients who are undergoing chemotherapy or other radiation treatments.

  • Systemic Illness
  • There are numerous systemic conditions that can result mouth pain and complications in other areas of the body. They include:

    Mouth Cancer And Other Serious Conditions

    Although its scary to think about, if the roof of mouth swollen/swelling seems to develop for no apparent reason, its crucial to get screened by your dentist for oral cancer.

    • Symptoms: Outside of atypical growths and sores, symptoms of oral cancer tend to go unnoticed. Theres usually no pain or discomfort. Something obvious like swelling may indicate advanced disease.

    • Treatment: Oral cancer is one of those conditions where the best treatment is early diagnosis. Getting screened by your dentist or an oral surgeon allows for the least invasive and most successful treatment protocol.

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    Rare And Unusual Causes

    More unusual causes of mouth swelling include the following.

    • Hereditary swelling: Some forms of swelling are hereditary and may involve the mouth and throat as well as other parts of the body .
    • Tumors: These growths can cause swelling of the roof of the mouth if the tumor is above it or present as other types of mouth ulcers and lumps.

    This list does not constitute medical advice and may not accurately represent what you have.

    What Does It Mean When The Roof Of Mouth Hurts

    Swelling On the Roof of the Mouth: Top of Mouth Swollen

    The roof of the mouth can hurt due to different reasons. Some of the common causes of pain in the roof of the mouth include:

  • Burning the Tissue
  • Drinking plenty of hot beverages can scald the roof of the mouth. Also eating hot and spicy foods can irritate the delicate tissues in the roof of the mouth. The area that was burn develops a blister and it became sensitive to any touch. The condition can last for several days after the initial burn.TreatmentCooling the roof of the mouth after burn can ease the pain and also prevent further damage on the tissue. Sip cold or icy liquids slowly and swish on the affected area. Allow the area to heal completely by avoid food to come into contact with it. Also limit the intake of spicy, sharp or otherwise irritating foods.

  • Irritating Substances
  • The use of substances that causes irritation on the roof of the mouth can hurt. These foods or substances have sharp edges that can scratch the skin tissues causing a lot of discomfort.The use of spicy, hot or spicy foods can damage the roof of the mouth leading to swelling or pain. Also the use of tobacco substances can lead to further damage of the palate.TreatmentMaintain proper oral health by avoiding foods or substances that constantly irritates the roof of the mouth. Once the tissues in the mouth are affected, restrict your diet to foods that are blunt with moderate temperatures to limit the risk of causing further damage.

  • Canker Sore
  • Infection
  • Dental Issues
  • Burning Mouth Syndrome
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