Thursday, May 16, 2024
HomeFactsWhat Plywood Is Used For Roofing

What Plywood Is Used For Roofing

Osb Vs Plywood For Roofing

How-To Repair Damaged Roofing Plywood|Roof Repair Step by Step

Oriented strand board is made by gluing small pieces of wood together and compressing them. OSB panels come up to 16 feet in length. OSB is easily identifiable by its characteristic wood strands.

Plywood is made from multiple thin sheets of veneer that are cross-laminated and glued together with a hot press. The finished plywood is made from an odd number of veneer sheets, So that makes the balance of cross-lamination techniques.

OSB has a greater shear strength than plywood panels. Plywood has less shear strength than OSB.

OSB vs Plywood for Roofing

What Kind Of Plywood Should I Use For A Shed Roof

There are some factors to consider when looking at your shed roof slope, snow load, wind, and what youre going to finish it with. The spacing of your rafters or trusses is also a factor 12, 16, or 24. Steel, asphalt shingles, cedar shakes, need to be fastened to whatever material you use. And finally, the size of the roof the bigger it is, the more your budget factors in.

Even though plywood is more expensive, and OSB stronger, my recommendation for a shed roof is 5/8 or 3/4 construction-grade exterior rated T& G plywood.

The higher the slope, the more quickly the snow and rain will be shed, but also the greater the wind force. The lower the slope, the more weight for snow load, but less wind force. Having had my foot go through a couple of roofs, I always use ¾ thick material.

To ensure the nails and screws have enough material to grip, I recommend a 5/8 for a slope over 5/12, and 3/4-inch-thickness for anything less. It provides a solid base for walking on, doesnt sag, and nails and screws have a good grip. Ive heard the arguments for ½ material, and yes, you can use it, but Ive seen too many roofs sag over time.

Hammering nails into plywood seems much easier than into OSB. Driving screws into either is about the same. If using oriented strand board, its recommended the smooth side is down.

What Is The Best Material For Shed Floor

The best material for the shed floor is pressure treated 3/4 inch construction grade exterior plywood. Being pressure treated means wet tools or snow from the snow-blower or your boots, wont damage the floor. It also will protect the floor structure from moisture too.

I stay away from tongue and groove as it leaves a gap that collects dirt. Just make sure the seam is on a joist or supported by a cross piece. The exterior grade has football shaped plugs to create a smooth finish, which is easier to sweep and paint.

OSB can be used for the floor of the shed, but even the smooth side has a roughness that collects dirt. It is stronger than plywood of the same thickness and is available in sheets up to 8 feet by 24 feet great for larger uses. However, sliding items across it can cause chips to flake or tear off.

Oriented strand board is more water-resistant than waterproof even though it is supposed to be waterproof. It will swell and shrink if exposed to moisture, and takes longer to dry out than plywood. It dries better on a vertical than a horizontal surface.

Can you use 1x 6 PT lumber for the floor of the shed? Dimension lumber doesnt have the measurements by which it is sold. It starts out that size, and then goes through a planning mill, which makes it smooth with rounded edges, but also thinner. 1 X 6 PT lumber is 3/4 X 5-1/4.

Also Check: Cost To Install Trusses

What Size Plywood For Roofing

The most common rafter spacing is 24 inches. You can get plywood sheets with a length of up to 4 x 10 feet and OSB comes up to 16 feet long in length.

Do Most people ask how many sheets of plywood do I need for my roof?

Most people want to know how much square-fit plywood is needed in the roofing. Obviously, you dont want to buy extra plywood. Which is of no use to you and a waste of money.

Standard plywood comes in 4×8 feet size. So how many square feet are there in 4×8 feet of plywood? To calculate it, you multiply the length by the width. So 4×8 feet plywood has 32 square feet.

To calculate how many plywoods are required for your roof. Calculate your roof as if you calculated plywood square feet .

For example, suppose some area of your roof is 1000 square feet. So divide by 32 into 1000. The number youll get is the number of plywood that you need. In case you need 32 plywood. Always buy one or two extra pieces of plywood for mistakes and wastage.

Shrinking And Expansion Rates

Plywood products including CDX, OSB and much more

Uneven expansion and contraction may cause a crack or breakage. The Plywood you select should have even expansion of its layers to ensure it doesnt break.

The roof is a very exposed part of a house. Using a board that resists shrinking and expanding will help it last longer. With the heat and cold together with rain, this is a crucial factor.

When it gets wet, it should swell up evenly. When it dries, it ought to dry all layers at the same rate.

You May Like: How Much Does It Cost To Recoat An Rv Roof

Plywood Used For Roofing

Exterior Plywood is the preferred material for roofing. It also performs well when exposed to moisture over long periods of time. The price is low compared to other roofing materials and the installations are also easy.

Some types of plywood are used for roofing, Construction structural, and general plywood, and CDX plywood.

  • Construction structural plywood has good strength, performance and durability. It is used frequently in building applications for multi-purpose. This is a special type of structural plywood called . Marine-grade plywood used for marine applications such as boats and boat parts.
  • Structural plywood is of two types A and B-Bond. A is more durable and stronger than B-bond. But B-Bond Structural plywood is also used for use of exterior applications

  • CDX Grade Plywood is a popular choice for roofing work.CDX stands for
    • C the grade of the front of the plywood sheet.
    • D the grade of the back of the plywood sheet.
    • X the type of glue used to bond the wood layer.
  • General Plywood does not have good strength performance like construction structural plywood. It is used for general applications. General plywood is mainly used for interior applications such as doors, windows, and tables. This plywood is also used for roofing but needs to maintained regularly.
  • Why Is Plywood Used In Roofing

    In roofing, plywood is often selected due to its strength. Although the roof structure takes the majority of the weight, plywood needs to be able to support the rest of the roofing system. It is formed from multiple layers of wood bonded together with glue, and the grains run in alternate directions through each layer, which ensures the boards strength is evenly spread, makes the board resistant to shrinking or expansion, and also reduces the likelihood of any splitting when nailed.

    Plywood is often used in roofing because it performs well when exposed to moisture over long periods of time. When plywood gets wet, it swells evenly across the plywood sheet, and then when it dries out it goes back to the normal sizing. The drying out period is relatively short, which means that it doesnt affect the roofing. In comparison, OSB board tends to swell along the edges and takes a lot longer to dry out, which can leave visible ridges along the edges of the boards .

    Recommended Reading: How Many Screws Per Square For Metal Roofing

    Types Of Plywood Used For Roofing

    There are multiple types of plywood available in the market like shuttering plywood, general plywood or structural plywood.

    Shuttering plywood is used to hold concrete, while general plywood is used for non-structural roles. Like its name, structural plywood is used for structural purposes.

    Structural plywood is put through tests to prove structural integrity and meets building regulations, while general plywood doesnt go through the same process.

    CDX is the grade of plywood most commonly used for roofing .

    The wood is graded on each side from A to D, depending on the level of imperfections, .

    One side of the plywood could be A grade with the other side a D grade. This works if the lower graded side is used on the inside of the roof, while the high grade faces the outside.

    The C in CDX represents the grade given to the front of the plywood, the D represents the grade given to the back of the plywood and the X represents the type of glue used to bond the layers together.

    There is one more type of plywood that has been known to be used in roofing, which is Fire-Retardant Plywood or FRT Plywood. This kind of plywood can be life-saving in the time of a crisis and is sometimes required in certain areas.

    You May Like: When Should You Replace Your Roof

    How Much Does Plywood Cost

    Plywood vs OSB Roofing Debate | Roofing Insights | Roof materials

    A regular piece of plywood sheathing will measure 4×8 feet and can be from ¼-inch to -inch thick.

    The thicker your plywood, the more youll have to pay for it and its installation. The price you pay for the project will depend on a variety of factors, such as the labor costs. Generally, a sheet of 4×8 plywood will cost about $10.

    Note that a plywood sheet thats 4×8 feet will be large enough for a roof area thats 32 square feet. Since the average roof is approximately 3,000 square feet, you can see how installing decking in your home can be very expensive.

    Read Also: New Roof Cost California

    How Many Plywood Sheets Will Your Roof Require

    You will have to work out the amount of plywood sheets youll require, bearing in mind that a sheet of plywood is 4×8 feet in size, with a surface area of 32 square feet.

    So, with the average roof size being 1,700 square feet, this means that youll need approximately 53 sheets of plywood.

    To calculate how many sheets of plywood your roof requires more accurately, you should follow these steps.

  • Use a tape measure to measure the width and length of each roof slope.
  • Multiply the length by the width to get the square foot area of one slope.
  • Then, multiply that number by 2 to get the total roof area.
  • Now you want to divide the total roof area by 32. This gives you the number of plywood sheets youll require to adequately cover your roof.
  • Add 10 percent to that number so that you accommodate for any waste.
  • If you cant directly measure your roof, you can use a calculation that converts the floor area covered by the roof so you can get an estimate of how much plywood you will need. So, if your house has a main area of 20 by 40 feet and a wing thats 15 by 20 feet, multiply 20 by 40 to get 800 square feet.

    Then multiply 15 by 20 to get 300 square feet for the extra wing. Add 800 and 300 to give you the total floor area, which will be 1,100 square feet. Then add about 20 percent to the number to cater for the roof slope, which gives you 1,320 square feet of roof area. Finally, divide 1,320 by 32 so you get 41 plywood sheets.

    Plywoods Advantage Over Osb

    That, in a nutshell, is the one big advantage plywood holds over OSB. The greater ability a wall has to dry, the more durable it will be, and everyone agrees that more moisture will pass through plywood. This is not a suggestion to never use OSB, but it is a recommendation to factor all the variables and make sure that collectively the components of your wall assembly will not trap moisture inside.

    You May Like: How Much For A Porch Roof

    Recommended Reading: Adding Eaves To Gable End

    What Thickness Plywood Is Used For Roofing

    Now, it is time to figure out the plywood thickness for roofing. Basically, there is no setting stone for this. However, these thicknesses are just the most common ones. They do become the standard when people use plywood as the materials for their roofing selection.

  • The Minimum Thickness
  • The minimum flat roof plywood thickness is around 3/8 inches. This is like the necessary thickness to have when you want the plywood to hold the structure of the roof sturdily. The most common thickness of plywood sold in stores is around this thick as well.

  • The Most Common Thickness
  • Most buildings, especially the commercial ones, are using ¾ inch plywood roofing. Plywood of this thickness allows the roof to contain debris, snow, and dirt quite strongly, and they wont affect the roof or making the roof fall that easily.

    It all starts by choosing the right plywood thickness for roofing.

    Now, you have read almost everything related to the thickness. When you have decided to go with plywood for the roof, you can consider choosing the best material and the standard thickness so that the roof will be installed on the top of the house for decades without having to be replaced too often.

    Not All Osb Are Created Equal

    Roof Replacement

    Although OSB is quite strong and reliable to be used in the roof sheathing, you should know that there are two types of OSB out there, which vary in durability, insulation, and price.

    These two types are known as OSB2 and OSB3. OSB2 is the more affordable variant of OSB. However, its typically used for bearing light to medium weight loads and specifically designed for being used in mostly dry conditions.

    On the other hand, OSB3 is typically used for load-bearing projects, such as roof and wall sheathing.

    Moreover, OSB3 has much better insulation and waterproof rating, which allows it to be used in humid conditions. Yet, this type of board is more expensive and is used almost exclusively in structural projects.

    Don’t Miss: Metal Roof Gable Overhang

    Which Is A Better Material For Roofing: Plywood Or Osb

    To know which is better for roofing, you have to know about the opposing roofing material: OSB or Oriented Strand Board.

    OSB has become popular roofing material recently due to how it is made and its price.

    It comes from various wood strands that are glued and compressed together.

    It is regarded as a cheaper alternative from plywood and meets many of its standards.

    However, there are disadvantages: the first most notable is its incapability to hold down nails compared to plywood.

    Another is how OSB boards absorb moisture. Even though it takes longer in water absorption compared to plywood, it also takes longer to dry.

    It tends to absorb water around the board edges, while plywood evenly absorbs moisture. It will result in swelling and forming rings on the edges.

    Plywood is the all-around better roofing material, but if you are looking for a cheaper alternative, OSB is for you.

    Best Plywood For Roofing

    Roofing requires a material that is waterproof and can withstand different weather conditions. CDX or exterior plywood is preferred for roofing. It works great when exposed to external environmental elements, even for prolonged periods. The price of purchasing this plywood is low compared to other roofing materials.

    Plywood is a flexible material and can be used for different functions. You can use it for roofing, construction, structural and general applications. However, roofing plywood is not the same as normal plywood waterproof adhesive is applied to improve its resistance to absorbing water since it will be exposed to outside elements.

    Exterior plywood is used for roofing because its low cost and easy to install. This makes it a favorite to builders since it reduces costs to both client and supplier. But, it is always best to hire a roofer to do roofing with plywood as there are specific requirements that it must fulfill for it to be effective.

    Jump To A Section

    Don’t Miss: Skylight For Metal Roof

    Plywood’s Advantage Over Osb

    That, in a nutshell, is the one big advantage plywood holds over OSB. The greater ability a wall has to dry, the more durable it will be, and everyone agrees that more moisture will pass through plywood. This is not a suggestion to never use OSB, but it is a recommendation to factor all the variables and make sure that collectively the components of your wall assembly will not trap moisture inside.

    What Is Sheathing Made Of

    Roofing Tips : Roof Decking Installation , plywood installation video.

    Sheathingis normally made of plywood. While it is pretty strong and durable, it is heavyand also expensive. Recently, roofers have made more use of a new sheathingmaterial called oriented strand board . It is more lightweight andaffordable than plywood.

    Plywood sheathing is normally used on projects with heavierroofing materials, like concrete or slate tiles. In situations like this, aheavier-duty sheathing material is more or less required.

    What does sheathing do?

    1) Stops Leaks

    When asphalt shingles first came around, roofswerent built with sheathing. However, home and business owners quicklyrealized that their roofs were much more likely to leak without an addedbarrier of protection between the shinglesand wooden boards of the roof.Today, asphalt shingles are treated to make them more weatherproof.Additionally, the sheathing beneath them better protects homes and businessesfrom leaks. This can lengthen the lifespan of the roof and prevent furtherwater damage.

    2) Adds Strength

    Sheathing adds more support to the roof. Ithelps distribute the weight of the shingles more evenly across. Since thesheathing boards are attached to the strongest beams of the roof, it ensuresthat large and heavy amounts of precipitation do not cause the roof to sagor bow. This becomes especially important when using asphalt shingles. They areheavier than you might expect. Sheathing makes sure that the weight of theshingles is distributed evenly across the roof.

    3) Fireproofing

    Don’t Miss: Extending Roof Overhang


    Most Popular