Thursday, May 23, 2024
HomeExclusiveHow To Attach Roofing Shingles

How To Attach Roofing Shingles

Complete One Shingle Bundle Before Moving To The Next

How to Install Roof Shingles | Ask This Old House

Use up all shingles from the same bundle before using the next bundle. Colors may vary slightly between bundles, and by using up the bundles one at a time, you will avoid having different colors on the roof within the same area. If possible, make sure all your bundles are from the same manufacturing “lot,” which will minimize color variations.

How To Install Wood Shakes And Shingles

Before you can install wood shingles on your roof, you need to create the vent structure or sheathing. This keeps them from warping in the dampness and heat.

Once the structure is in place, plan the layout of the shingles and nail them into the sheathing. Take care to measure the shingles placement throughout the job to make sure youre on the right track.

How To Install Rubber Roof Shingles

One of the most durable materials you can use for the roof of your home is rubber roof shingles. Not only will they last a long time, but they are also energy efficient and environmentally friendly. Rubber tires from vehicles are causing problems in landfills. Recycling them into rubber shingles helps to stop some of the impact on the environment. They also require very little maintenance, as compared to standard types of shingles. They are easy to handle and do not tear easily.

Step 1 Prepare the Roof

If you are installing the rubber shingles on a newly built roof, sweep it off first with a deck broom to make sure there is no dirt that could work its way up through the rubber. On an older roof, you first have to remove the old shingles. Use a shovel with a flat blade to loosen the shingles, and a shingle scraper to ensure that you remove any small pieces of shingle and tar that remain. Make sure the roof is clean before you start installing the rubber shingles. Hammer in any nail heads that may be sticking up. Check to make sure there are no loose boards. If you find any, nail them down in place.

Step 2 Install the Ice and Water Shield

Ice and water shield comes in rolls that are 3 feet wide. Unroll the sheet on one side of the roof. Cut off the amount you need for this side and nail it to the outer edge. Repeat the process for the other edges of the roof. This will prevent any water from seeping up under the shingles.

Step 3 Cover the roof with tar paper

You May Like: How Much Does A New Roof Cost In California

This One Trick At Installation Can Help Your New Roof Last Longer

I have no clue how many new roofs are installed in the United States each year, but its got to be in the hundreds of thousands. Perhaps a new roof is in your future or in the next few years. If so, youd be wise to read up on the topic at before its time for you to meet with a roofer.

Most roofs installed in the United States are asphalt shingles. The reasons are many, but for the most part asphalt is easy to install and affordable. The issue is the asphalt shingles of today are nothing like the ones that were manufactured even 40 years ago. I exposed the shortcomings about five years ago in my book Roofing Ripoff. You might want to read this short book. It will absolutely put your head on a swivel as to all things asphalt shingle. I discovered while writing the book how to make asphalt shingles last 40 or more years. Its all in the book.

If youre like most homeowners, you wring your hands worrying about leaks. Its a valid concern. Understand the vast majority of roof leaks on the average home almost always are at a flashing. Rarely does a leak form in the giant open field of shingles.

A flashing is a transitional material that connects your roof to something thats not a roof. Heres a short list of where youd find flashings:

Plumbing vent pipes


Any other vent that is popping up through the roof to expel air from your home

Work Left To Right Bottom To Top

What do you think of attaching roof anchors to an asphalt ...

Have a glance at any professional roofing crew in action, and you’ll notice the same pattern is always used. Begin at the bottom left corner of a roof surface and work toward the right and upward from the eave line to the peak. Where several workers are installing shingles, one usually begins by installing shingles along the eave overhang, while others begin filling in the field, working from bottom to top.

Recommended Reading: House Trusses Cost

How To Install Roofing Shingles

Learning how to install roofing shingles can help you save money on your roofing project. Shingle roofing is one of the simpler types of roofing to install on a home and it is the kind that most homeowners can work up the courage to actually attempt. This professional guide will teach you exactly how to install roof shingles yourself. If you are considering installing new asphalt shingles on your roof, learn the steps involved with a quality roof installation and then decide whether or not you really want to tackle the project yourself or if you would like to get quotes from local roofing installation contractors. In this guide you will learn things like:

  • How Many Shingles Do I Need
  • How to Install Roof Flashing
  • How to Install Roof Underlayment
  • How to Install the Asphalt Shingles

It is always smart to get roofing price quotes from at least four pre screened and licensed asphalt roof installation professionals before starting your project in order to get an idea of the costs for a new roof installation.

Let Modernize help you do that in a few easy steps by finding local trusted roof contractors in your area.

Proper Nailing Techniques For Optimal Performance Of Asphalt Shingles

Roofing shingles have specific guidelines for how they should be fastened to your roof. They relate primarily to the quantity, location, and driving method of the roofing nails.

Proper installation is essential for optimum shingle performance and for compliance with the International Building Code. Learn where and how to nail shingles to ensure performance and holding power.

Pro Tip: Visit our Document Library for roofing product documents, such as data sheets, install instructions, technical bulletins, and more.

Don’t Miss: How To Install Skylight On Metal Roof

How To Install Roof Shingles: A Step

No matter how much you stay on top of routine roof maintenance and repairs, youll eventually need a new roof. Though its highly recommended to leave installing new roofing materials to an experienced roofing contractor, knowing how to install roof shingles can help you better maintain and preserve your roof.

The process is time-consuming and can be tricky if youve never worked on your roof before. This guide will give you a bit of insight into how to lay shingles the right way.

Wear The Right Clothes

How to Install Wood Shingles | This Old House

Roofing work is highly physical labor, and the clothes you wear can have a huge impact in how easy it is for you to get the shingles down quickly. If you can, wear sturdy work pants like heavy denim jeans and a shirt that gives you a full range of motion in your shoulders.

Choose footwear with thick soles to protect your feet from any stray roofing nails on the ground. Its also wise to invest in a good pair of leather gloves to help you carry heavy loads to and from the roof without hurting your skin.

Don’t Miss: Where Do The Screws Go On A Metal Roof

How To Install Metal Panels

Metal panels are a bit trickier to install on your own. Youll need help maneuvering the metal into place and making sure the seams between panels are secure.

Cut the metal to the right length before pulling it up on the roof. Then, add a layer of sealant tape along the seam where the next panel will slide into place. Repeat the process for each panel you add.

Then, secure the panels with metal roof fasteners. Take care not to overtighten the fasteners as this will damage the metal and increase your risk of leaks and damage.

Carefully Remove Old Roofing Materials

Once the surface is clean, its time to remove the old shingles. Start from the peak of the roof and, with a garden fork or shingle removing tool, pry the shingles up. They should come off in sheets with a bit of elbow grease.

Carry those sheets of shingles to the edge of the roof and drop them in a trash bin or designated pile. Keep going until each slope of the roof is clear.

Tip: It normally takes about three batches of asphalt shingles to cover 100 sq. ft. of a roof.

Don’t Miss: How To Repair Roof Trusses

Driving Roofing Nails For Shingles

Roofing nails should be driven by hand with a hammer or with a properly adjusted pneumatic nail gun.

Nail guns that are improperly adjusted can result in either under penetration or over-penetration of the roofing nails, which then affects the shingles performance. It can also cause:

  • Nail corrosion
  • Buckling, and
  • Shingle blow-offs.

Roofing nails are typically placed no closer than 1 inch fromthe edge of the shingle according to the manufacturers specifications.

Fixing Nailing Mistakes

Its important that nailing errors are fixed immediately.

  • Underdriven nails can be appropriately tapped in with a hammer.
  • Crooked or overdriven nails need to be removed, and the holes need to be filled in with asphalt roofing cement.
  • A new nail must be driven in a nearby spot to secure the shingle. If this cant be done, the entire shingle should be replaced.

Nail Fastening Pattern

A four-nail fastening pattern per shingle is required to take advantage of the maximum wind warranty available on Owens Corning® Duration® shingles. Six nails are required for structures with slopes exceeding 60 degrees or 21 inches per foot.

In some areas of the country, building codes may require six nails as well.

It is important to consult your local building department and to refer to the manufacturers installation instructions as the number of nails required often varies depending on the shingle product.

Above All Never Compromise On Safety

How to Attach Wooden Shingles to an Insulated Concrete ...

Like any construction work, installing shingles can be dangerous. In order to avoid unfortunate accidents, make sure you respect the following rules:

  • Falling is the primary, and most obvious, danger. If walking on the roof is difficult, its probably because the slope is too steep for you to do your roofing work safely.
  • Wearing a well-anchored safety harness is essential to prevent falls.
  • Avoid working on a ladder. Use a platform or scaffolding instead. They will ensure your stability while you work.
  • To avoid electrocution, keep your ladder and all metal objects away from electrical wire and make sure you never touch these wires.
  • Wear appropriate personal protective equipment: protective glasses, work gloves, work shoes or boots with rubber soles and steel toes, long-sleeved work shirt or sweater, etc.

You have now gathered all the tools and all the necessary equipment and are ready to go on your roof, equipped with the necessary information to optimally install your shingles.

Are you really ready?

Not quite. Before you start, here is some more information to further prepare you:

There you have it! Our roofing guidelines! You are now ready to get up on that roof and start working! However, if you prefer to entrust your work to a professional, to check our network of certified experts.

Don’t Miss: How Do You Know If Your Roof Is Leaking

Use Proper Nailing Technique

At a minimum, asphalt shingles can be attached with just four nails for each shingle, but if installing in an area prone to high winds, six nails should be used for each shingle. Asphalt shingles have a nailing linea line of sealant material intended to bond with the next row of shingles. Your nails should be placed just below this line, not inside it or above it. To reduce the wind lift forces acting over the shingles, do not nail them too high or too low. Never nail through the sealant strip of the shingle as it might affect the water flow over the roof.

Make sure nails are driven straight, not angled so that the sharp edges of the nail heads can cut into the asphalt shingles. Make sure that all fasteners penetrate at least 3 4 inch into the wood deck or completely through the sheathing.

Are Roof Shingles The Same As Roof Tiles

The short answer is no. Both shingles and tiles are used to cover pitched roofs, but shingles tend to be cheaper than tiles and have a lower life expectancy. However, recent developments in technology means they are now very durable and are often designed to last 20-25 years. Roof shingles are available in a wide range of materials, such as bitumen, wood, plastic or metal.

Roof shingles are a popular roofing solution, as theyre cost effective, long lasting, and available in an extensive range of materials, colours and even shapes. So they are usually suitable for most homes, sheds and other outdoor buildings.

You May Like: Replacing Roof Trusses

Final: Double Check Your Work

After you complete the installation you should keep a close eye on your home over the next few months. Look for signs of roof leakage in the roof, and look for any sections of the roof that seem to be flapping or blowing up more than they should be. A single mistake can leave a section of shingles ripping off and allow water right into your home. As long as you keep a close eye on your house you should be able to spot possible mistakes and problems before they become major issues on your home.

Installing a shingle roof is a project that a homeowner can complete on his or her own, but it is not an easy project. It is something that you have to take the time to understand and evaluate before doing. If you are not confident in your abilities, it is much better to leave the task up to a professional instead of attempting the project and making a mistake. You should now have learned enough information to thoroughly know how to install roof shingles. However, feel free to get quotes from local roofing contractors above if you want to find out about roof installation costs in your area.

How To Install Roof Shingles

Asphalt Roof Shingles Installation
Step 1

Position and unroll the detail strip so its square to the line of the eaves. Fix it by nailing the top edge using 10mm galvanised clout nails. Form the drip edge towards any guttering, or nail to the fascia at 5cm intervals.

Step 2

When laying down your first strip, ensure the shingles are positioned square to the line of the eaves.

  • Align the tiles horizontally by interlocking side slots to the edges of the shingles
  • Align the tiles vertically by opening guide slots in the top of the shingle strip, so the next strip can fit in
Step 3

Overlay your first shingle strip, and fix it using 20mm galvanised clout nails. These nails should be placed in line with the tile joints and fixed in just above the bitumen adhesive strip.

Step 4

Recommended Reading: Roof Replacement Cost In California

Pro Tips For Installing Asphalt Roofing Shingles

Asphalt shingles are the most popular roofing material used for residential construction in North America. Roofing and reroofing with asphalt shingles are normally done by specialty roofing contractors, but a homeowner with good skills and who is committed to working safely above the ground can tackle this job. In addition to learning basic roofing skills, you should follow these tips offered by manufacturers and industry pros.

Metal Roofing Installation In San Diego

Preman Roofing-Solar has serviced San Diego for over 20 years. We dont use independent contractorsall of our roofers are employees trained to safely and professionally install your roof.

We service, repair, and install both metal and shingle style roofs, and all of our estimates are guaranteed. And its not just the cost you can count on-we stick to our schedule so you always know when to expect us and exactly when you can count on the work to be completed. Contact us today for a quote on roof replacement, installation, repair, and explore our financing options. We also offer residential and commercial solar panels in San Diego if youre interested in getting solar panels for your metal roof.

Read Also: How Do I Know If My Roof Is Leaking

Install Deck Protection & Starter Shingles

Now it’s time to install the roof deck protection. These roof components act as a weather-proofing and protective barrier between your house and the elements, helping keep water and cold temperatures out.

  • Drip edge at the eves. Start by laying roof deck protection, or shingle underlayment, over the decking . Use chalk lines to determine where you’ll lay them.
  • Using your cap nails, secure the deck protection to the roof. Overlap each row at least 3 to 4 inches. If you live in an area with inclement weather, you should consider using a special leak barrier protector.
  • Then, install new flashing and starter shingles at the edges.
  • Nail the drip edge in place using your hammer and roofing nails. Always install flashing around a chimney and other valleys where two roof planes meet as these areas are more prone to leaks if not protected.

Tip: When installing deck protection, work from the bottom to the top of the roof.

Types Of Metal Roofing

Common Signs of a Bad Roofing Job

Before we get into the steps on how to install metal roofing its important to understand what types of metal roofs exist. While metal roofing can be made from a variety of metals, tin, zinc, steel, aluminum and copper are the most widely used and most commonly available options. Each metal has its own advantages and disadvantages, as well as cost considerations. Steel, for example, is the least expensive option while copper is the most expensive.

In addition to material choices, metal roofing is also available in three design styles: through-fastened panels , modular panels and standing-seam panels.

  • Through-fastened corrugated metal panels are the most common and readily available type of metal roof. They can be installed over roof sheathing or purlins.
  • Modular panels, which mimic other roofing materials like asphalt shingle and tile, are also available in a wide range of colors and styles. They, too, can be installed over solid sheathing or wood battens.
  • Standing-seam panels install over solid or skip sheathing and have the most complex installation process, so are typically best left to professional roofing installers.

Read Also: Skylight For Metal Roof


Most Popular