Cut The First Piece Of Step Flashing
Dormers also need step flashing. This technique involves layering flashing with shingles as the roofers move up the wall. This method creates steps that guide water down the roof safely. Step flashing needs to extend 8 to 14 inches up the wall above the shingles, so the roofers must choose or cut tall pieces.
The first piece of step flashing is unique. It must bend back across the base of the dormer, overlapping with the base flashing. To create this piece of flashing, roofers will take your typical piece of step flashing and cut it into shape. In one technique, their first cut is made straight across the bend and up a few inches.
Then they place their second cut at a 45-degree angle to the first. Roofers will then cut from the end of their first cut back towards themselves. For neatness, roofers may choose to make a third cut to remove some of the excess flashing. Now the roofers must place your corner piece against the dormer and bend it into shape.
Start Installing Slate Tiles:
With the aid of galvanized copper roofing nails, each slate is placed in a course. The slate is softly penetrated with these nails, which are then sunk until they are flat with the slate surface. If the slate is nailed too firmly, it may break and damage.
Therefore, caution should be used to prevent overdriving nails during this stage. Each slate must create a head lap overlapping the bottom and upper course. A water-tight roof is made possible by the overlapped nature of slate tiles.
The roof will leak if there is not the required head lap and overlap. Therefore, it is usually preferable to leave slate roof installation to the experts. Even little installation errors can cause serious leaks.
How To Install Asphalt Shingles On A Shed Roof
Installing shingles on a lean to shed roof is a relatively simple project that the average homeowner can tackle. Additionally, shingles are a very cost-effective shed roof option that be installed in a few hours.
To install asphalt shingles on a lean to shed roof, start by installing tar paper on the plywood shed roof decking. Next, install the drip edge along the perimeter of the shed roof. Install the drip edge below the tar paper on the Eave side of the shed and above the tar paper on the Rake of the shed. Next, Install the starter strip of shingles along the bottom of the shed roof. After Installing the starter strip, install the first row of shingles, attaching them to the plywood roof decking with a roofing nailer. Install 4 nails per shingle or 6 nails if you live in a high wind area. Continue to install each row of shingles until you reach the top of the of the shed roof. Install the final piece of ridge flashing over the shingles and front fascia board, attaching it in place with roofing nails and asphaltic coating.
This article will show you how to install an asphalt shingle roof on a lean to shed, step-by-step.
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Tools And Materials Needed To Install Shingles On A Shed Roof
Although you can technically install shingles on a shed roof with a hammer and nails, there are a few tools that will make this project much simpler and less time consuming.
To successfully install asphalt shingles on a shed roof, I recommend the following tools and materials:
- Safety Equipment
- Angle Flashing
- Asphaltic Coating
With all necessary tools and materials on hand, you can now begin installing the shingle roof on the Shed.
Set An Appointment For Roofing Services In Dominion Roofing
Were here to help you with installing shingles, fixing problems, re-roofing, or any other related issue. We can visit you and determine the budget for your problem. We deal with all kind of solutions for roofing. If you dont want to stress over roofing problems anymore, just call us, and well fix your problems.
Set An Appointment Now For Roofing Services So We Can Accommodate Your Needs For The Roofing System.
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Ensure You Have The Correct Tools Fixings And Materials
Shingles will typically come in strips or packs of strips, so it is important to the take the time to measure the area of your roof to determine how many you will need. At this stage, you should also make sure that your chosen shingles are suitable for your roofs pitch. Most metal and felt shingles can be used down to 10°, but this may not be the case for all of them. Some products, Coroshingle included, will also require detailing strips which will have to be fitted across the eaves, verge and ridge. These will be available in a range of colours to suit your shingles and provide a smart and neat finish. Again, you should measure the lengths to ensure you order the correct number.
As for fixings and tools, you should refer to the specific manufactures guide for a complete list, however you will almost certainly need:
- Suitable adhesive sealant
- 10mm large headed galvanised clout nails
- Stanley Knife
Proper Preparation Goes A Long Way Toward Preventing Leaks
There may be several ways to shingle a roof, but when preparing, all the valleys start the same. A most effective material to start with is waterproof shingle underlayment . These peel-and-stick membranes seal around nails and are easy to work with.
Builder, construction consultant, and contributing editor Mike Guertin demonstrates his method for prepping a valley, solo, on the roof mock-up built to illustrate his article, Four Ways to Shingle a Valley.
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How To Install Roof Valley Flashing
Now that you know what roof flashing does, you need an experienced installer to ensure it doesnt leak. But first, lets look at how to install a valley flashing on a metal roof.
To begin with, you should have all the necessary tools ready. Some of them are a nail gun, measuring tape, roofers hatchet, a chalk line, caulking gun, utility knife, and straightedge and tip snips. Having these assembled will enable you to do the job faster.
How To Install Underlayment On A Shingle Roof
What is underlayment?
Underlayment comes in different shapes, sizes, and different brands. I always recommend using the same brand that youre installing your shingles. Were Owens Corning Certified Platinum contractor. So were gonna be using Owens Corning Deck Defense. This is a synthetic underlayment. Its similar to your old tar paper. Its just stronger, doesnt tear as much, and comes in bigger rolls. Each roll is 10 squares, so it covers 1,000 square feet, so its a lot easier to work on and safer when youre on steeper roofs. This is probably the easiest component when installing a shingle roof, and were not relying on this for waterproofing. Even though we wanna make sure that its properly lapped and properly installed, your shingles are what really does your waterproofing. All this does is two things: in case of shingles blowing off or coming off, it makes sure that your roof is waterproof, and it also provides a separation layer between your shingles and wood, which can actually pull the asphalt into it. So its a separation sheet, as well as a temporary waterproofing. Lets get going.
Should you install underlayment or drip edge first?
Tips for installing underlayment
Underlayment nailing pattern
How to install underlayment around a penetration, pipe, chimney
How to overlap two pieces of underlayment
How to install underlayment against a wall
What kind of nails should you use to install underlayment?
Which comes first, ice and water shield or underlayment?
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How To Install Roof Flashing On A Shingle Roof
About the Author
Jose Rodriguez founded Red Canyon Roofing with Arturo Vasquez in 2015. Since then he has overseen the growth of the company, and is passionate about finding meaningful ways for Red Canyon Roofing to make an impact in their community.
Roof flashing, while it may not be a widely known concept to the general public, is a vital part of the roofing process.
Roof flashing seals areas of the roof that are prone to leaking when it rains or snows. Typically composed of a thin metal material, you should place flashing in areas where water runs off or does not have a solid seal. Before we go over the 5 simple steps to install roof flashing, lets take a look at the different types.
Underlayment For A Roof Valley Should I Put Underlayment
Should I put underlayment on the entire valley and then put the ice/water shield over it? Should I put the ice/water shield directly onto the wood of the osb valley then staple the underlayment within 6 inches of the center of the valley?
I’ve seen photos by GAF where it seems the ice/water shield is stuck on top of underlayment?
Which is best?
You must install the shingles according to the manufacturers recommendations or youll void the warranty.
GAF, just like all roofing manufacturers, recommend the peel and stick membrane to be applied first. Theres many reasons for this, but ice buildup and wind blown rain are the main reasons.
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Understanding Different Types Of Roofing Valleys
The above photos show a closed roof valley vs. an open metal roof valley.
Understanding Different Types of Roofing Valleys
What are roof valleys? A roof valley is a channel created where a roof changes direction or angles. Usually, a V or W shaped metal piece is placed in the valley to channel water off your roof. Roof valleys are very important for a “roofing system” to work correctly and must be done right and taken care of to keep them in good condition. Sadly though, few homeowners get into the design details of their roofs or how they actually work.
There are two basic roof valley types:
Roofs that feature open valleys use “V” or “W” shaped metal pieces at the center of the valley. The sloping roof planes then stop some inches short of this centerline, leaving the valley open. The V or W shaped metal pieces used as centerlines could be Galvanized, Copper, Aluminum, Zinc Alloy, or Steel coated. Refer to your local area building codes as to which materials to use. The recommended minimum is 28-gauge galvanized/coated steel.
To protect the valley from moisture, the metal flashing is sandwiched between water and ice shield. The sloping roof planes stop at this waterproof lining on both sides, leaving the valley open to channel water off the roof.
Closed Roof Valleys
How the open and closed valley styles are created
How the closed valley structures are created
So which roof valley type should you go for?
Here is why:
Open Valley Details For Asphalt Shingle Roofs
With a heavy-gauge, noncorrosive metallining, open valleys are the most durable valley andthe most costly.
See our discussion of alternative flashing materials found
Aneconomical version uses two layers of roll roofing for thelining, which should last as long as an asphalt roof.
NRCA recommends that roof valley flashing metal for open roof valleys should be 26-gauge galvanized steel or equivalent noncorrosive, nonstaining metal. Lile points out that valleys lined with roll roofing are not as durable. – Ed.
Thebottom layer of roll roofing goes on with the gravel facingdownward the top layer with the gravel facing upward.
Nail along the edges every 12 to 18 inches, keeping the material tight against the roof sheathing.
Metal valley linings should be 2 to 3 feet wide and nomore than 8 or 10 feet in length to prevent wrinkling fromlengthwise expansion.
The valley lining, whether asphalt or metal, shouldhave 6 inches open at the top and increase by1/8 inch for eachfoot of valley length to accommodate the greater flowfurther down the valley.
So a 16-foot valley would have 6 inches open at the top and 8 inches at the bottom .
How To Install Roof Valley
I shall discussed about the installation of roof valley, there are lots of techniques for shingling a valley woven, cut, open metal lined, here described on shingles wrappers thats easier and faster to install that is greatly resistant to weather and looks beautiful.
These techniques work with laminated or random pattern shingles that comprise about 65 % of the shingles installed.prepare the valley by lining waterproof shingle underlayment like ice and water.
Installation of open valley relies on metal flashing for protection required the most necessary to select the flashing material Copper
Step to install roof valley
1. Preparation the valley and shingles the low volume roof plane
First we lined the valley with efficient use of shingles underlayment that is consist waterproof for the work of protection of secondary water layer. shingle the low volume roof that is rin through the valley center and at least 12 inches up to the high volume roof,its best and sure to press the shingles rightly into the valley center.
2. Snap a guide line and spread a ribbon of roof cement
Design the valley 2 inches up from the centre on the high volume roof plane that is parallel to the snap a chalk line, then expand the 2-3 inch wide ribbon of trowel consistency roof cement about 2 inches over from and parallel to the chalk line on the high volume roof side of the line.
3. Run a row of shingles up the valley along diagonal chalk line
4. Snap course lines and shingles the high volume roof
Know About The Types Of Slate Roofs:
- Natural Roof Slate:
Numerous types of slate can be used for roofing. Exactly as you would anticipate, the natural roof slate. This genuine slate roof option provides the most natural slate look, which also offers several advantages.
In addition to having a great appearance, it is also frost- and fire-resistant and needs little upkeep. Additionally, it is available in a wide range of fashions.
- Recycled Roof Slate:
Waste slate components are mixed to create a recycled roof slate. Given that the final project is not produced through a manufacturing process, this has even more influence on the environment. This thus implies that there is less waste.
- Customized Rood Slate:
Consumers believe that synthetic roof slate is more environmentally friendly. Although they were developed using a more contemporary methodology, they have a typical slate appearance. They also have a significantly lower chance of breaking because of how they were made.
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Thunderstruck Restorations Is Your Local Roofing Contractor
Thunderstruck Restorations provides roof replacement and roof repair services throughout Anoka County, Chisago County, Hennepin County, Washington County, Dakota County, Ramsey County, and Wright County. We specialize in the installation of roofing systems from CertainTeed, Owens Corning, Atlas, and GAF.
Understanding Roof Valleys And Drainage
In a roof with a single ridgeline and a slope on each side that extends to a gutter, rain flows evenly down all of the surfaces. But many roofs are more complicated than that. They have valleys that form where different roof pitches meet. This can occur around dormer windows, porch roofs and L-shaped sections.
Because the valleys create a low spot, they are magnets for rain. They have to stand up to lots of water accumulation and movement, which means that theyre also prone to leaks and deterioration.
There are several techniques for safeguarding valleys from water flow. Some are more effective than others.
The least effective method is to interweave the shingles at the valley. This can lead to shingle damage, and it exposes the shingles in that area to more deterioration that the surrounding regions. To make the valley more effective and protective, many roofers insert metal flashing in the valleys.
Metal flashing directs water away from the shingles and guides it toward the gutters. Because metal withstands the elements extremely well, it provides an effective barrier against rain, snow and ice. However, it must be installed properly to prevent leaks.
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Check The Slate For Required Overlap:
Look at the slate manufacturers standard after determining the pitch of your roof. Each manufacturer will recommend the necessary overlap for a sturdy and secure slate roof. The membrane should be protected by ensuring your rafters or trusses are free of splinters.
After that, start from one bottom corner of the roof trusses and roll your selected roofing membrane to the opposite corner. Repeating this technique, work your way up to the top of the roof. Assemble your roof to encourage any water to pour into the gutter that gets past the slates.
Installing The Second Course Of Shingles
Since we installed a full shingle for the first course, trim off 6 for the first shingle to be used to start the second course.
Next, place the shingle so that it overlaps the rake and so that the bottom is flush with the tops of the wide cut-outs. See below:
This will typically result in 5 5/8 of shingle exposure .
After positioning the shingle appropriately , nail the first shingle in the second course in place.
Repeat this process for all of the remaining shingles in the second course. Leave an overhang over the rake edge .
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The Differences Between Closed And Open Valleys
When youre having a roof replacement project done in your home, your contactor will need you to make a few decisions regarding the details that make up your roofing system. One important detail that you need to decide on is the method of flashing that will be used to seal the valley areas of the roof. You often have two choices: closed or open. But what exactly is the difference between the two?
Before your shingle roof assembly is installed, your roofer will install an underlayment over the roof deck. Afterwards, a self-adhering ice and water shield will be incorporated into the underlayment. This self-adhering underlayment will act as the valley lining.
If you decide on a closed valley, your exterior services provider will install the shingles on the roofs deck and extend the asphalt shingles through said valley to cover or close the valley area. Once thats done, the valley will be covered with shingles so the underlayment is completely covered with it, becoming the valley lining that protects the roof against water run-off.
Make your search for a roof repair expert easier by turning to Tri-County Contracting. When it comes to roof installation and replacement services, we are the leading professionals in the area. Give us a call at 679-6100, or fill out our contact form to get a quote. We serve homeowners in Waukesha, WI, and other nearby areas.