How To Make A Flat Roof Have A Pitch
Commercial property owners and managers in Toronto ON would sometimes think about adding pitch to their flat roofs. If youre considering the same thing, Cox Roofing Systems is here to tell you that this project is difficult but it can be done.
This guide will cover the following essential points:
- Typical reasons to add slope to your flat roof
- How to make a flat roof have a pitch step by step process
- The downsides of flat roof to pitched roof conversions
Building A Gable With Barge End Purlin Struts And Collar Ties
The picture above shows the plan view of a gable roof. Ladder trusses are made up using four noggins at each corner to support a rafter outside the building. That rafter outside forms the overhang for the barge boards to fix to, and so the soffit boards and ventilation are continuous all the way around the structure.
Framing a gable involves more than joists, common rafters and a ridge as covered in previous pages. Below is a picture of some extra roof members that go into the construction
The extra timbers in a gable roof are
Gable roof step by step
Step 1: Wall plates and JoistsSet out the wall plates to whatever centers you need for your gable roof and cut/fix the joists so they are parallel to each other and flush with the back edge of the wall plates.
How To Determine Roof Pitch
You will also need to know the desired pitch of the roof. Pitch is the slope or angle from the wall plate to the roof ridge line. Pitch can vary a great deal, from a shallow slope up to a very steep pitch. Pitch for a gable roof, the most common, is generally 1/4 or 1/3 which is equal to 1/4 or 1/3 the total span of the building, not counting any overhang. Pitch also has its own denotation, determined by the rise in inches in 12 inches. For instance a 4/12 pitch denotes a roof rising 4 inches for each 12 inches. Having the correct pitch is important. In many instances, a certain pitch may be necessary or even required by local codes. Pitch is determined by snow loads, other weather factors and the covering to be applied to the roof. For those in the northern parts of the country, an 8 in 12 pitch, or more, is commonly used to keep excessive snow loads off the roof. Those in the southern climates may utilize lower pitches. The minimum pitch, however, that can be used with many roofing materials such as asphalt shingles or corrugated metal is 3 in 12 . For lower pitches, a built-up or continuous roll roofing must be applied to keep the roof waterproof.
Pitch is the amount of angle or slope the roof has. This is denoted two ways, a 1/3 or 1/4 pitch in fractions, and a 6/12 pitch in inches, which means the roof rises 6 inches for each 12 inches of run. A framing square is traditionally used for laying out the roof and determining pitch.
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Gable Roof Framing Theory
The basic parts are a ridge board, gable studs, and common rafters. A gable roof slopes downward in two directions, like two right triangles joined together at the vertical line of the triangle.
The ridge board runs along the peak of the roof parallel to the outside walls. The top of the common rafters are nailed to the ridge board and slope downwards to the outside walls where they are nailed to the ceiling joists and the outside walls.
All of the common rafters are the same size and length for each span and roof pitch. Gable roof framing is like learning to drive, you don’t need to know how the mechanics of the vehicle work, but you will be a better driver if you do. You don’t need to be an expert on the Pythagorean Theorem to be a good roof cutter but the better you understand it the better roof framer you will become.
Assembling The Shed Roofs Substrate
The substrate is the surface where the roofing is applied. In many cases, a roof cover board is the best option for this, and there are several types. They are generally thin substrates that are installed between the insulation and membrane layers of the roof. They can help you avoid blistering in the roof system from the insulation off-gassing when coming into contact with certain adhesives being used for the roof.
The different types of roof substrates or cover boards are:
The substrate is installed by being fastened to the structural deck or to an underlying substrate. Many of the best installation techniques include staggering the joists of the cover board in each row and to the joints of the insulation below it. This reduces bridging and gaps between the layers.
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How To Replace A Playset Canopy With Wood
If your playset came with a canopy style roof,youve probably noticed that it starts to look less than stellar after a fewyears. Sun damage or damage caused by storms often leaves the fabric used forcanopy style roofs looking shabby. This is especially true if you leave thecanopy out over the winter.
You can very easily replace the fabric with afresh new canopy when it no longer looks nice, and it usually isnt anexpensive fix, but if youre looking to install a more permanent solution, thenyou might want to try adding a wood roof.
Replacing a canopy with wood is very simple.The basic idea is that you run boards vertically from the top of the roof ridgeto the edge of the playset and secure them. Although the process I outlinediscusses the use of boards, this can also be accomplished with corrugatedplastic.
Choose Size And The Style Of The Shed
Heres my setup: I reviewed what I needed to fit in the shed today, considered a few wants for the future, looked at my budget, and came up with the size. Id seen a lot of sheds but had some specific ideas in mind, after doing some research I came up with my shed style.
I decided to take full advantage of the regulations and build a 10 x 14 shed.
I wanted a simple roof. I didnt want ridges or valleys which are a lot of work and can leak. I decided on a Slanted Roof. Its similar to a shed or lean-to roof, or a clerestory roof, but has one visible difference. It has a greater slope. Basically, a slanted roof style is a flat roof tilted high up at one edge to create a very steep slope.
- Significantly cheaper to build than a gable or multi-slope roof since theres less material in the roof.
- No ridges or valleys to leak.
- Faster and easier to build. No complicated angles or cuts.
- A higher wall on one side for ladders or storage.
- Clear roof space without truss or rafters.
- Sheds rain and snow quickly.
- Expensive to convert a mono pitched roof to a multi-slope roof since all walls need to become the same height.
- Snow can build up against the lower roof wall and cause dampness or rot in the wall.
- Fast run-off of rain or snow can cause ground erosion behind the shed.
The next step is the most important part: find the best location for my shed.
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What Is A Pitched Roof
A pitched roof is a roof of a building that has a slope or angle to it. Generally pitched roofs are dual pitched, meaning that they have two sides, but pitched roofs can also be mono-pitched, sloping in one direction only. Pitched roofs have been used on buildings for hundreds of years, providing a weathertight shelter for homes and businesses alike.
Building Peaked Roof On Mobile Home
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Types Of Christmas Light Roof Clips
When youre hanging Christmas lights on a roof, you shouldnt use any fasteners that puncture the shingle or any other part of the roof, such as nails, staples or screws. Even small holes in the shingles can create leaks. Small holes in gutters may allow water to leak where it shouldnt, and holes in the fascia board may cause it to rot. If youre unfamiliar, its a good idea to learn about the parts of a roof and roof edge before you put up your Christmas lights.
So, if you shouldnt puncture holes in the shingle, how do you secure Christmas lights to your roof? The solution is to use specialized plastic clips that hug the gutters, but dont leave a lasting mark. By using clips you can have a huge display, with as many fasteners as you need, without worrying about leaving a bunch of holes in your roof.
On areas of the roof that do not have gutters, attach the clips to the drip edge or the shingle, but be careful to avoid lifting the shingles in a way that breaks the sealant bond to the shingle below it, and avoid puncturing holes in your shingles or siding. Alternatively, you can use adhesive strips to attach the clips to the vertical face of your home. Just be sure you dont puncture the surface.
The type of roof edge you have will help determine your choice of clips and rooftop lights.
Roof Christmas Light Options
Peaked Vs Skillion Vs Flat
For large structures, there are many differentkinds of roof shapes and peak, but playsets dont usually go to those lengths.Most playsets have a traditional peaked roof that is shaped like a triangle.
Sometimes, you will see a playset with askillion roof. A skillion roof looks like one half of a traditional peakedroof. Instead of two slanting pieces, it has one slanting piece. These roofsare easy to build, but they do not provide as much headspace as a peaked roof.
Flat roofs are simply one flat panel of woodacross the top of the playset. A flat roof is very simple, but not good optionsfor most playsets.
Flat roofs must be raised to provide enoughheadspace, they arent as attractive as peaked roofs, and they do not allow forrain to run off them efficiently. If you live in an area that gets significantsnowfall, you may need to clean off your playset roof in the winter to preventthe weight of the snow from damaging the playset.
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Installing The Roof Ridge
Lay your breathable ridge membrane in a straight lines across the ridge batten, fixing under the verge system and one end of the roof, before rolling out.
Once secured all the way along the ridge, its time to screw the ridge tiles to the ridge batten.
Between the ridge tiles, install a ridge-to-ridge seal to offer a mechanical fix and extra strength to the ridge.
By Step Instructions For Replacing A Canopy With Wood
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Roof Restoration To Extend The Life Of Your Flat Roof
Roof restorations make your roof new again and resolve existing roofing issues. That way, you wouldnt have to change your roof which is a costly project.
If this is your first time to hear about a roof restoration service, heres what its about. Roofing restoration entails cleaning the roof, repairing, and replacing some materials to make it brand new. Previously, we featured a guide about roof restoration. In there, we explained that a roof restoration improves your flat roof in various ways so it lasts longer:
- Makes your building more energy-efficient
- Improves the overall look of your commercial roofing system
- Strengthens your roof so that it becomes resilient to environmental damage
Here at Cox Roofing Systems, we also offer quality restoration services. We recommend our exclusive TTR which combines EPDM and polyurethane insulation.
Building A Basic Gable Roof
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What Is The Cheapest Roof To Build
Asphalt shingles are usually cheaper than both concrete and clay tile roofing. Asphalt is $100 to $150 per square and is easy to install, versus concrete at $150 to $250 per square and clay at $800 to $1,800 per square. When you add labor, its often more expensive to install tile because of the weight and process.
Installing The Low Level Ventilation System
There are a number of ways to ventilate a roof, but here we demonstrate the installation of a combination of low level and high level ventilation.
A rafter roll is laid across the eaves and is designed to guide fresh air into the roof and to allow it to circulate around the roof space to prevent damp.
Make sure the rafter roll comes out above any pre-installed insulation – if not, the insulation will block the airflow and youll get condensation.
To install, simply tack it to the rafters, starting on the left hand side and working your way across. Avoid too much draping of the rafter roll, but dont pull it too tight as you will lose the corrugated shape that channels the air flow.
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Add A Protective Roof Covering
In most cases, you will need to add some sort of protective covering to the sheeting. This is particularly the case if you are using the structure to store weather-sensitive materials.
You really have to lock out the cold, rain and moisture. Thus, a protective covering will typically consist of one layer of roofing felt, one layer of tarpaper attached to the roofing felt with an industrial stapler, and then one additional layer of shingles.
In most cases, traditional asphalt shingles will suffice as a form of relatively affordable, yet durable, covering.