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How To Convert Square Feet Into Roofing Squares

How Many Shingles In A Square

How to Measure the Square Footage of a Roof

So, what exactly does a roofing square mean? Simple, in the same way a scale may mean something to you, but something totally different to a musician, a roofing square is a measure of area that your contractor will take when placing or fixing your roof.

Okay so if a roofing square is a measure of area, how may square feet are in a roofing square? Well, thats also pretty simple. A roofing square is equal to 100 square feet. Whats important, though, is not what amount of square feet are in a roofing square, but how it is arrived at.

Figuring Out The Square Footage Of Your Roof

While it may seem difficult at first, you can divide your roof into 10 x 10 roofing squares, a standard unit of measurement used by roofers.

But first, some terminology youll need to know:

  • Ridge Where two sloped roof areas meet
  • Valley Where two sloped roof areas meet , often with a metal channel running along the fold
  • Hip Roof Type of roof where all sides slope downwards to the walls
  • Hip End The triangle shaped end of a hip roof

Related: Roofing 101: What Are the Different Parts of the Roof Called?

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How Big Is A Square Of Roofing Shingles

Simply put, a roofing square of roofing shingles is 100 square feet. This measurement unit is often applicable in the roofing and construction industries. However, you can use it to determine the cost and the number of shingles you should buy for your house.

To determine the number of roofing squares on your roof, you first calculate the roofs total square footage. That means you have to take the planes measurements on the rooftop and calculate the whole area. Youll then divide the figure by 100.

The most challenging part of determining a roofs total square footage is taking accurate measurements. Youll need to know the roofs slope and the size of all planes on the roof. It might also be tricky to access the roof, especially when the design is complex.

Calculating the square of roofing shingles doesnt have to be tricky. You can hire an expert roof contractor to help you do the job. Even if you have all it takes to determine the number of roofing shingles required, there are steps you must follow before that.

Roofing Square: How Its Calculated And More

How To Calculate Roofing Square Feet ?

Can there be anything more exciting than building your own property? There are so many things that go into building your establishment, be it commercial or residential.

You have to think of the location, the layout, the size and measurement of the rooms, and so much more. The type of roofing you will opt for is another important aspect to take into account. While all of this sounds exciting, it can be equally tedious.

When you leave it to a contractor to choose a roof type for your home, or to replace the roof in your home, you may come across them using the following term, roofing square to describe the size of your roof.

No matter how good you are at math, you may have found that your calculations in terms of how much roofing supplies are required to put up the roofing system in your home are entirely different from what the roofing contractors you hired calculate them.

When it comes to building roofs, there are two important aspects to keep in mind:

  • Roof measurements
  • Roofing materials estimation

The one word that commonly gets thrown around in the world of roofing construction is roofing squares. Lets look more into what a roofing square is and why and how it matters in evaluating the shingles or roofing materials you will require in the following sections.

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How Do I Measure A Steep Roof

Most roofers wont go on a roof with an 8/12 roof pitch or greater with special equipment such as scaffolding and roof jacks and neither should you. Instead, use one of the four methods described above that allow you to measure the roof while standing safely on the ground or from the comfort of your computer.

While these methods may not be quite as accurate as taking actual measurements from the rooftop, theyre close enough for calculating how many shingles youll need to purchase for a new roof.

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How To Calculate Roofing Squares

The number of roofing squares affects the cost .

If you want to replace your roof, or your house is under construction, and you would like to know the cost or square, I will show you an excellent method of calculating your square roof footage.

However, it is essential to note that the best way to get a correct measurement is by hiring a local roofing contractor to measure the roof.

Here are some highlighted steps to calculate your square roof feet:

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Measure The Roof Pitch

When estimating the number of roof shingles, youll also need to consider the roof pitch. The higher the pitch, the more shingles you will need to cover the whole roof.

Here is how to calculate the pitch of a roof.

  • Assess the roof and estimate if the pitch is high, medium, or low.
  • Carry a two-food level and climb the roof to the peak.
  • Hold the level outward the peak and ensure the bubble is at the center of the indicator glass.
  • Measure the distance between the midpoint of the level and the roof.
  • Multiply the total roofing squares by the following digits.
    • High-Pitched Roof: 1.36

    Keep The Slope And Complexity Of Your Roof In Mind

    How to measure a roof and calculate square feet. | 01/2020

    You have to keep in mind the makeup of your roof when doing the calculation for the square footage. The steepness and complexity will change the number you multiply the footprint of your home by.

    For example:

    For an easy up-and-over, walkable gable roof, youll multiply the footprint of the roof by 1.3 to get the square footage of your roof.

    For a hip roof with a low slope, you’ll multiply the footprint of the roof by 1.4 to get the square footage of your roof.

    For a steep and complex roof, you’ll multiply the footprint of the roof by 1.6 to get the square footage of your roof.

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    The Number Of Shingles Do I Required For My Roof Covering

    When purchasing any one of these products, add 15 percent for waste. There are a quite a few issues that can occur to your roofing, depending upon the climate you stay in, that will certainly require the attention of a roof covering specialist. As an example, if you live in a city with severe wintertimes like Minneapolis, Minnesota, you’ll wish to call a regional contractor for an evaluation after a storm. One dead giveaway of possible roof covering damages is your exterior siding. If it’s damaged, in addition to requiring to employ a painter, it might additionally indicate roof issues.

    How Big Is My Roof

    Alright, lets start with the basics. First, you have to determine the size of your roof. Roofs are measured in squares. A square in roofing terms is equal to 100 square feet. The average home is approximately 30 squares, meaning that their roof is 3,000 square feet. Here is a simple way to figure out the measurement of your roof.

    First, you need to find the square footage of the base of your home. Use a tape measurer to find the length and width of your home. If its irregularly shaped, divide the home into geometrical shapes, find the area of each, then add them together. Once you know the square footage of the base of your home, find the pitch. Youll see directions to finding the pitch of your home in the section below.

    Now, youll need the pitch and square footage to find the size of your roof. Look on the chart below for the correct multiplier that matches your slope. Youll see that a pitch of 6/12 has a multiplier of 1.12. To find your roof size, multiply the square footage by the proper multiplier. The total is the total square footage of your roof!

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    Roofing Square Explained What Is A Square In Roofing

    A roofing square is a measurement that covers 10 by 10 feet, totaling 100 square feet on a roof. Meaning if a roof is 30 squares, the total square footage would amount to 3,000 sq. ft.

    The more squares a roof covers, the more money a customer will have to pay for replacing their roof. It’s no surprise that roofing contractors use a square to estimate the size of a roof, as itâs straightforward and fairly simple to work with.

    A 100-foot square measurement makes it easier to calculate the number of shingles or other roofing materials necessary to cover a rooftop. In addition to replacing roofs, it can help lay out stairs and rafter connections.

    When discussing the size and scope of a roofing project with a contractor, standardized roofing square measurements are frequently mentioned. It’s often easier to use this unit than total square footage, as it maintains a constant unit of measurement.

    Additionally, it helps with comparing quotes from different companies, as knowing the square size can help with making the right decision.

    It’s important to remember that roofing squares don’t have to be literal squares. Instead, a roof square is just how much material you’ll need to cover a roof area for replacement. Of course, precise measurements and calculations can be streamlined with software platforms like Roofr, which also auto-calculate material and labor costs from measurement reports and catalogs.

    How to use a roof square

    How Many Shingles Do I Need For A 2424 Garage

    How to Calculate Roof Square Footage? What

    For this example, well use the same type of roof a simple gabled roof. For our purposes, well say that the roof extends 1.5 around each side.

    Well first calculate one face of the roof. The length of the roof is 24+1.5+1.5, which equals 27. The roof pitch is 4:12, which means the width of the roof is about 12.5. Add 1.5 of overhang to this number and you get 14 of roof width on one roof face.

    Multiply 27 by 14 and you get 378 square feet for one roof face. The total roof area is 756 square feet. Divide this number by 100 to determine the amount of roof squares youll need, which equals 7.56 roofing squares.

    Multiply 7.56 roofing squares by 3 bundles per square. Thus, 23 bundles of shingles are required to cover a 24×24 garage with 1.5 overhangs on all sides.

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    How To Calculate Number Of Roofing Shingles

    Fortunately, you dont have to make a haphazard shingle estimate when planning for your roofing project: your roof size and chosen shingle type will guide the purchase process.

    Shingles are sold in prepackaged bundles, not individually. Roofing manufacturers take the guesswork out of how many bundles you need per square-its listed in the specifications of each shingle they make. The specs for any given shingle will tell you how many bundles make up a square, how many shingles are in a square, and even the approximate number of nails youll need per square.

    Often, three bundles of prepackaged asphalt shingles make one square, as is the case with the Timberline® HDZ Shingles. That said, the number of bundles you need can vary depending on shingle design. For example, five bundles of architectural asphalt shingles with artisan-crafted shapes, such as the Grand Sequoia® Shingle, cover one square. Once you know the number of squares of material your roof needs, check the shingle manufacturer specifications so you get your hands on exactly what you need.

    If youre still deciding on the perfect shingle for your roof, play around with the GAF VirtualRemodeler. The free online tool helps you envision how different shingle colors and styles would work with your homes style. Be sure to keep local building codes in mind as you weigh your shingle options..

    How To Calculate A Roofing Square

    Before beginning, make sure you can safely access your roofif you cant, contact a roofing professional for help.

    Grab your measuring tape, level, pen and paper, roof safety equipment, and your ladder. With these in hand, you can measure your roof in five simple steps.

  • Determine the number of planes. Your roof is made up of planes. If you have a flat roof, it has one plane. If you have a simple gable roof, it has two planes. The more architectural details your roof has, the more planes you will have to measure.
  • Measure each plane. Find the length and width of each plane. Then, multiply those two numbers together to find the square footage of that plane. For example, a 35 ft. X 36 ft. plane = 1260 sq. ft.
  • Find the total of all the planes. Add the square footage for each roof plane into one total. 1,260 sq. ft. + 1,260 sq. ft. = 2,520 sq. ft.
  • Divide to find the squares. To find how many squares are on your roof, divide the total square footage of all your planes by 100. In our example, the total was 25.2 squares 2,520 sq. ft. divided by 100.
  • Remember the roof slope. Roof slope indicates how steep your roof is and may increase the number of squares of materials you need. Roof slope is calculated by determining how many inches a roof rises vertically for every 12 inches it extends horizontally. For example, if that vertical rise is 4 inches, the slope is 4:12.
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    Final Thoughts On Measuring Your Roof

    If youre looking for a simple ballpark estimate of your roofing materials needs, Google Earth really does a great job of quickly allowing you to measure the square footage youll need to cover. While its technology sure is surreal, it has drawbacks in its ability to precisely measure distances represented in 3D. Therefore, it can be helpful to gauge estimates of your materials costs by measuring from the ground and on top of your structure. As always, if youre feeling confused, dont hesitate to get in touch with a local roofing contractor to help you out. Many will provide estimates for free. Simply ask how many squares of material they estimate youll need, and compare that to the results you got from using any of the methods we outlined above.

    How Many Roofing Squares In 1200 Square Feet

    Square Meters to Square Feet – Unit Conversion

    One of the most important terms you should be familiar with if you are about to start your roof replacement process is roofing square.

    This article will find out all you need to know about what a roofing square is and how to calculate roofing squares.

    A roofing square is a measurement unit used to calculate the size of a roof, and it is equivalent to 100 square feet. This unit makes it easier to calculate roofing square feet.

    The number of roofing squares in 1200 square feet is 12. One roofing square equals 100 square feet. Converting square feet to roofing squares is an easy thing to do. For a roof of 1200 square feet, you will have 12 squares. The value is obtained by dividing the square feet by 100 .

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    How Many Bundles Of Shingles Per Square

    A package of roofing shingles is called a bundle. Laminate or architectural shingles, one of the most common types of roofing shingles, are generally packaged in three bundles per square.

    So in the 2400 square foot gable roof example, you would need 72 bundles of shingles .

    Here are a couple more examples:

    How Big Is A Square Foot In Feet

    A square foot is a unit of area measurement equal to a square measuring one foot on each side. 1 Square Foot = 0.0929 square meters. Abbrev.: ft2, sq.ft, SqFt.

    How to calculate the square footage of an area?

    **This Calculator also calculates square inches, total height in feet, total height in inches, total length in feet and total length in inches. What is a Square Foot? A square foot is a unit of area measurement equal to a square measuring one foot on each side. 1 Square Foot = 0.0929 square meters. Abbrev.: ft2, sq.ft, SqFt.

    How to convert square feet to square yards?

    To convert among square feet, yards and meters use the following conversion factors. For other units use our calculator for area conversions. Square Feet to Square Yards multiply ft 2 by 0.11111 to get yd 2. Square Feet to Square Meters multiply ft 2 by 0.092903 to get m 2.

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    How To Calculate Your Roof Area

    Knowing how to calculate your roof area can be a beneficial first step in estimating the cost of a new metal roof. In roofing we call the calculation of roofing materials needed a take-off.

    A good roofing contractor will take the time make sure that the take-off is accurate. Proper measurements and attention to roof details ensure that material shortages are avoided and prevent overages .

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