How Proper Ventilation Can Help Cool The Upstairs Of My Home
This past week I was asked to check out a home because they couldnt cool their upstairs. When I got there, I didnt need to get on the roof or even go inside their home to see that they didnt have any attic ventilation at all.
Having no ventilation caused the heat that was trapped in their attic to burn up the roof system. And now, because its burnt up, the whole roof has to be replaced.
The sad part of this story is that the owners had the roof replaced only two years ago. The roofing company they used decided to cut a corner by not adding any ventilation at all. Because the owners didnt know anything about ventilation, they were unaware of how important it was to their whole house.
Dont let that happen to you. By the end of this article, youll learn everything you need to know about attic ventilation and how it affects your roof.
And at the very end, dont forget to grab your checklist of questions to ask a roofing contractor to help you find a great roofer to help with your attics ventilation system.
S To Calculate The Appropriate Amount Of Ventilation Needed In Your Home
For example:Width: 40 ft, Length: 30 ft
1200 sq. ft./300 sq. ft.= 4 sq. ft. of required ventilation
4.00 sq. ft. x 144 = 576 square inches of NFA needed
576 sq. in. /2= 288 sq. in. of ventilation is required on the roof
For example, if you are choosing a 50 square inch roof vent, 6 vents are required for a 1200 sq. ft. application:288 square inches divided by 50= 5.76 vents ~6 vents
It is important to note that if your roof pitch is less than 4/12 or you have a vaulted or cathedral ceiling you will have to double the amount of ventilation needed.
Are Soffit Vents Required By Code
Soffit vents are not required by code, any type of intake vents will do. Residential codes require that a ventilated attic should have more than 50% of intake vents but they dont specifically say it should be soffit vents. Therefore it is safe to say that soffit vents are not required by building code.
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Roof Vents For Every Climate
Every home requires attic ventilation as it has a purpose throughout hot, cold, and mixed climates. And therefore, throughout every season. Vents work by clearing hot and wet air from the attic. As a result, homeowners can regulate the temperature of their home year-round. A well-ventilated roof will keep the temperature of the home comfortable and at the temperature you would expect for the time of year.
In cold climates, roof vents ensure that the attic is the right temperature. When it is icy, roof vents will prevent ice dams from forming. Ice dams develop over a short period when the heat of the sun and the warmth of the roof melt the snow and ice. This water then collects, refreezes, and creates puddles along the roof. Also, ventilation will allow any moisture in the air to clear from the living space below, escaping through the attic.
Ventilation is just as important in hot climates. When the weather is warmer, vents will work by clearing the hot air from the attic. As a result, this will cool the house and reduce the cost of running air conditioning systems.
Calculate How Many Roof Vents You Need
The heat of Tampas subtropical climate can place added stress on your roof, leading to costly roof repairs Brandon Florida and high energy bills. Proper ventilation is essential to release heat and keep your roofing system in good condition, protecting the comfort, safety, and health of your family.
Balance is vital to effective roof ventilation. In this blog post, you will learn how to calculate the number of roof vents you need in your home or property. Read on.
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Heres Our Four Step Process:
- For example: Width: 50 ft, Length: 40 ft
- For example: 2000 sq. ft./300 sq. ft.= 6.67
How Many Roof Vents Do I Need Are There Different Types
Maintaining adequate airflow in the attic is a crucial consideration for the average homeowner, and it begins and ends with the ventilation features. Having the appropriate number of roof vents for your attics space will allow enough air and moisture to pass, thus preventing numerous issues.
If your home has a vapor barrier, you need 1 square foot of venting for every 300 square feet of attic floor space. Homes without a vapor barrier need 1 square foot of venting for every 150 feet of space. Lets explore the subject of roof vents so you can find the right style and number of roof vents for your house.
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Where Should Roof Vents Be Installed
Roof vents should always be installed above the attics rafters, insulation, and floor-level vents to allow hot air to pass easily through the apex. You can also install them near the rafters for multi-level roofs, but youll need a good exhaust pipe to maintain ventilation.
Always install your vent intake pipes along the attic floor, but keep the exhaust pipes along the highest point of the roof for uniform airflow.
How Many Roof Vents Do You Need
Safe and practical design models recommend that there be a roofing vent for every 150 square feet of attic space. If you dont have an attic, then from whatever space that is located under the roof itself. If you have a vapour barrier installed, then the recommendation is to have a roof vent for every 300 square feet.
To calculate according to their vent rating, check their net free area . This is how much space the vent has to allow the air to get out or enter. The total NFA of your vent should be balanced by 50% to intake and 50% to exhaust. If your roof has a slope of over 6:12 , this rule might change.
To know the accurate and safe computation for your home or commercial property, its best to seek the advice of a roofing professional to get the project done right the first time. The roofing specialists at Above It All Roofing have the equipment, skills, and experience that can make your roof vent installation project as seamless as ever. We have helped many homes and business owners in Toronto to find the best and safest solutions for their roofing concerns.
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Can You Have Too Many Roof Vents
No, you shouldnt have too many roof vents as they might damage your roof, build excess pressure in the system and increase your energy costs drastically. They might also blow your roofing shingles, causing leakages and pest infiltration in the attic.
Additionally, too many roof vents disrupt the attics normal airflow and might sometimes feel windy. Of course, you can balance the number of intake and exhaust vents to adjust the airflow, but itll cost additional mounting and labor charges.
And heres a list of some additional problems of over venting:
- Temperature Variations: Over venting disrupts the normal airflow in the attic. So, it might lead to some hot and cold spots and hamper the even temperature distribution.
- Pressure Imbalance: Over venting hampers the normal air pressure within the attic and might lead to banging doors, bursting shingles, and warped wood rafters in no time.
- Mold Growth: Too many vents increase the condensation rate in the attic and might lead to fungus and mold around the rafters and joists.
Benefits Of Roof Ventilation
Roof ventilation is essential for every homeowner as it offers a range of benefits. Roof vents work throughout the year and in all climates to give your home the best protection.
Proper attic ventilation will extend the life of your roof by keeping the shingles cooler. In the warmer months, roof vents will allow air circulation so that hot air can escape. The attic and roof will both be kept much cooler, as a result. When the roof becomes warmer due to poor ventilation, this heats the roof shingles. When this occurs, the shingles become damaged.
Ventilation will also help homeowners to reduce their energy costs. When we enter the warmer months and summer begins, we want to keep cool inside our homes. A well-vented roof will allow the hot air to escape efficiently. As the hot air escapes, the attic is kept cooler and therefore reducing the strain on air conditioning systems.
Roof vents also help to reduce the extreme indoor temperatures. We have all walked upstairs to find it much warmer than downstairs. However, if this persists, it may be the result of a poorly vented roof. If hot air is unable to escape, it will stay in the upper levels of your home.
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How To Calculate The Number Of Standard Box Or Whirlybird Vents In Insulated Attics
Calculating the number of standard box vents in insulated attics is really easy. All you need to do is measure the attic area in sq. feet and divide it by 300 to get the correct vent number.
For example, If your attic area is 1800 sq.feet, youll need 1800 / 300 = 6 vents.
And, if you have any odd-sized attic, you must round the total answer to the nearest whole number possible.
For instance, if your attic area is 1600 sq. feet, then youll need 1600 / 300 = 5.3, i.e, 5 vents.
But, if your area is 2050 sq. feet, then youll need 2050 / 300 = 6.8 i.e, 7 vents.
How To Calculate The Amount Of Ventilation You Need
Please note: the following provides advice for homes with ventilated attics. There are some styles of vaulted ceiling homes or flat roof homes that have ventilation spaces within the roof itself, and no attic. These ventilation needs are calculated differently.
The key to proper ventilation of your roof and attic is balance: the amount of space you devote to intake must be equal to the amount you allow for exhaust, and these must be calculated according to the size of your attic and slope of your roof.
You can calculate attic ventilation requirements by determining the square footage of your attic floor , and compare that to the total required net free area . Vents are rated by their net free area, or the amount of space for air to flow in or out. This helps make it easy to calculate how many vents you need for your attic, once youve determined your requirements.
If your attic floor has a vapor barrier, you will need one square foot of NFA per every 300 square feet of attic floor area . If there is no vapor barrier, double it to one square foot of NFA for every 150 square feet of attic floor space . These are broad guidelines, so be sure to check with your local building code.
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Can Soffit Vents Be Used On A Flat Roof
Soffit vents can be used on a flat roof for fresh air intake. Flat and low slope roofs are difficult to ventilate when compared to regular roofs. This is because in a flat roof there is no or little chimney effect to properly exhaust the hot air.
A flat roof is mainly ventilated using exhaust fans. But for the exhaust fans to work, there must be air intake, and soffit vents are the only option here.
How Many Roof Vents Do I Need
How many roof vents do I need? To answer this question, we must first define what roof vents are and what their purpose is. A roof vent is a type of fixture installed on the roof as a means of exhausting hot air. They are a crucial element that maintains a healthy attic, roof, and home. The size of your roof and attic will dictate how many of these roof vents you will need.
- Prevent moisture buildup in the attic. This will also help prevent the formation of mold and mildew.
- It will also help prevent the formation of dangerous ice dams and icicles during winter.
- Roof vents also help moderate the temperature of the attic. This will increase the energy efficiency of the home, thus lowering your utility bills throughout the year.
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How Many Roof Turbines Do I Need
How many roof Turbines do I need: Are you aware that several factors determine the appropriate number of turbines you need? Yes, these factors include, but are not limited to the type and size of the building. Roof turbines are mainly installed at the highest point on the roofs surface since they utilize wind power turbines to inhale all the hot air and moisture out of your attic.
Remember, installing the appropriate number of turbines is the only sure way of ensuring a balanced and effective system. Besides, it provides your house has a continuous supply of fresh and cold air.
It is important to note that several vital calculations are vital to accurately determine the number of turbines required during a roofing project. However, kindly note that this information is just an example since the precise number of turbine units needed depends on overall dimensions and your roofs shape.
Can You Have Too Much Soffit Vents
Yes, you can have too many soffit vents as long as they are divided equally between both sides of the roof. Having too much intake ventilation is not a problem it is having too many exhaust vents that is the problem.
In a passive ventilation system, the cool air enters the attic through the soffit vents due to a negative pressure created inside the attic by the wind blowing over the exhaust vents. Here the volume of the intaken air is the same as that of the exited air, there is no way the attic will develop a positive pressure due to the excess number of soffit vents. So having too many soffit vents doesnt have any impact on passive attic ventilation.
In the case of an active ventilation system ie, when you have attic fans, the amount of air intake is regulated by the size of the fans. If you have a very powerful fan, having some extra soffit vents will balance out any negative pressure created in the attic.
You can read more about this in my post here.
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Whirlybird Installation At Vertec Roofing
If youre still asking the question, How many roof vents should I have?, get in contact with one of our experts today. At Vertec Roofing, we pride ourselves on our commitment to quality advice. While we offer our services at reasonable rates, we only provide accurate quotes and use the best quality roof whirlybirds. We complete whirlybird installation in Sydney on both metal and tiled roofs to ensure that your property is properly ventilated, energy-efficient and safe from mould and damp.
If youd like to learn more about what whirlybird installation can do for you, get in touch with one of our experts today. Our roofing contractors are experienced, knowledgeable, and offer professional advice on your roofing project with a no-obligation quote.
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Different Types Of Vents
Roof vents have two basic functions. On the one hand, they intake air, while on the other they exhaust air. The main purpose, of course, is to keep the air constantly circulating. To that end, there are also several types of roof vents. These are:
- Ridge Vents These run along the edge of the roof. They are long and narrow and are great exhaust vents.
- Gable Vents As their name would suggest, gable vents attach to the gables rather than the roof. They go through the siding and come in several shapes such as triangles, squares, or rectangles.
- Soffit Vents Also known as under-eave vents, soffit vents hang over the siding . They are installed on the underside of the roof.
- Turbine Vents Located higher on the roofs surface, turbine vents make use of a wind-powered turbine to suck all the moisture and hot air out of the attic.
- Other Types There are also several other types of roof vents including dome- or box-shaped vents that run through the roof, itself.
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