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How To Calculate Your Roof Area

How To Calculate Roofing Shingles including Hip Roofs by PawPaw

Knowing how to calculate your roof area can be a beneficial first step in estimating the cost of a new metal roof. In roofing we call the calculation of roofing materials needed a take-off.

A good roofing contractor will take the time make sure that the take-off is accurate. Proper measurements and attention to roof details ensure that material shortages are avoided and prevent overages .

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What Is A Shingle Roof 4 Facts To Know About Shingle Roofing

When you picture the word roof in your minds eye, one image likely comes to mind: a darkish gray roofing installation made up of flat, rectangular pieces. Is this what you saw? If so, it makes perfect sense! According to Consumer Reports, asphalt shingle roofs, just like the one you pictured, are by far the most common type of roofing in the United States.

You may be able to instantly picture a shingle roof, but how much do you really know about this popular roofing style? If you want to get beyond the basics of shingle roofinga great idea for anyone looking to replace a roofread on!

Roof Replacement Vs Roofing Repairs:

There is a saying in the personal finance world that when it comes to our finances, each situation should be treated personally, hence the emphasis on Personal finance. The same can be said for your roof.

While there are metrics that can determine whether an entire roof replacement is more suitable for your home, or perhaps a simple repair, the best thing to do is to first start with a roof inspection.

Once you have your roof inspected by a certified roofing specialist/contractor, you should weigh your options. Its vital to weigh all of your options:

  • Is there a possibility for an insurance claim?
  • How old is your roof?
  • Will the repair last, or is a new roof the better long term option?
  • Will a roof repair cost more than just replacing the entire roof?

Typically, if it is something simple like replacing a few shingles, checking out a possible leak, or replacing a section of a ridge vent, a roofing repair is a good option.

However, when the amount of roofing shingles needing to be replaced reaches a certain threshold, or the repair costs are starting to get to 50% of the cost of a new roof, a roof replacement is usually a better option.

For example, if a new roof would cost you $7,000, but the repairs cost $3,5000, its better to simply replace the roof.

A new roof has a high return on investment for resale purposes and the new asphalt roofing shingles have amazing technology that makes it hardy and looks better!

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First What Are Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles happen to be the most commonly used form of roofing material in the states, more common than sheet metal or wood shingles.

While the main component of asphalt shingles is of course asphalt, according to Guardian Roofs, they consist of either a fiberglass or felt paper base coated with a waterproof later of asphalt and topped with ceramic granules.

This creates a durable, waterproof, and lightweight shingle that can stand most elements mother nature has to offer such as wind, ice, snow, rain, and hail. Of course, like anything these days, there are different types of asphalt shingles.

How Long A Composition Roof Lasts

SERVPRO of Old Saybrook News And Updates

A composition roofs lifespan is the number of years you get out of it. The 3 types of composition shingles each come with a specified lifespan from the manufacturer.

3-tab shingles have a lifespan of up to 25 years and live the shortest of the three types. Both architectural and luxury shingles have a lifespan of around 30 years, but the luxury style can go over 30 years and up to 50 under the right conditions.

As long as the shingles are properly installed and your attic is adequately ventilated, theyll get close to the lifespans above. However, other factors impact how long a composition roof ultimately lasts.

To learn about these factors and how they impact the life of your shingles, check out how long your asphalt roof will actually last.

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Trick To Remember The Difference

You should use roofs in all contexts. Rooves is always considered a spelling error and will only serve to distract your readers or cause them to question your credibility.

Since roofs is spelled with an F, like the word first, remember that roofs is the first word you should think of when you need a noun to refer to more than one roof.

The Dynamic Benefits Of Asphalt

Due to modern engineering techniques and the dynamic properties of asphalt, manufacturers are capable of producing numerous specialty products that exist across all shingle types. These include shingles that fight algae growth, offer enhanced resistance to damaging hail, and offer cool roof color technologies that reflect the heat of the sun to keep homes cooler and can reduce the expenses of air conditioning. Depending on your location, choosing a specialty shingle can even reduce your insurance costs . In addition, asphalt shingles are naturally fire resistant, making them an ideal choice for areas where wildfires are prominent.

Interested in exploring the different options available to you? Try out CertainTeeds ColorView® home exterior visualizer tool – you can even upload a picture of your own home to try out different roofing, siding, paint and trim combinations to help bring your remodeling vision to reality.

You can also find a local contractor who can professionally install CertainTeed building products on your home by using our Find A Pro contractor locator tool.

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Draw A Quick Diagram Of The Property

The first thing to do when measuring a roof from the ground is to draw a quick diagram of the property. This ensures you wont accidentally miss a section and leave something out of your calculations. Plus, it gives you a place to record your measurements as you go along.

Image credit: Rox Roofing

Since youre working from the ground instead of up on the roof, its ok for this to just be a rough sketch of the overall shape of the house. Just make sure to label your diagram with basic reference points like front, back, left, and right. This helps to make sure that you record the measurements in the right place.

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What Is A Composition Roof

Amazing Shingle Roof Using Mixed Lot Of Shingles GAF TAMCO OWENS CORNING and More

If youre starting your research for a roof replacement, theres a lot of information thrown at you. Youll need to learn about different roofing terms, roofing materials, and more.

One of the common roofing materials youll see is composition. But what is a composition roof and what do you need to know about it?

Here at Bill Ragan Roofing, our goal is to help you understand the ins and outs of the roofing industry and products. Thats why were going to break down what a composition roof is.

After learning what it is, were going to give you 3 things you need to know about a composition roof to help you understand more about this common roofing material.

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How To Measure Your Roof Area From The Ground

A more accurate way to calculate the area of the roof than using Google Earth is to get outside to estimate the roof pitch and the base area of the property. Using these two figures, we can get a good idea of the shingle roofs square footage and estimate your asphalt shingles needs and costs. This DIY technique can be helpful, especially if you are not comfortable getting on your roof, or if you have limited access to it.

Ground measures only work well for a gabled roof, since there are usually just two main rectangular pitches to calculate area for. For more complex roof shapes, like hip roofs, youll need to work with a roofer or measure from on top of the roof itself to calculate its total area.

A Beginners Glossary Of Roofing And Siding Terms

When choosing between the many roofing and siding options for your home, youll want to be aware of the many terms commonly used by the professionals. The following terms will not only help you keep up with the contractor in conversation but also help you make a decision on the right roofing and siding material for your home.

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Can You Roof A House Yourself

Make no bones about itroofing is hard work. Theres no hiding from the elements. You cant be afraid of heights and you need to be pretty fit. Before committing to this how to roof a house project, try this: Get out a ladder and climb up onto your roof. If you cant walk around on it comfortably, hire a pro. If you passed this first test, go to the lumberyard or home center and throw a bundle of shingles onto your shoulder. Imagine yourself carrying that load up a laddermany, many times.

If youre still feeling positive about this how to roof a house at this point, why not give it a shot? You can skip a lot of heavy lifting by having your roofing supplier hoist the shingles onto the roof. Be sure you spread the load evenly across the length of the roofs peak. However, dont have the shingles delivered to the roof if you still have two layers of old shingles to tear offit could be too much weight for your trusses.

After youve obtained a permit and safely stripped the roof clean, nail drip edge flashing flush along the eave.

Cover the rest of the roof with No. 15 asphalt-saturated felt underlayment . Each layer overlaps the lower one by at least 2 in. Follow this step by nailing drip edge along rakes , on top of the underlayment. As you did with the flashing, always lap upper pieces over lower pieces. The felt keeps the roof deck dry before shingles go on, protects against wind-driven rain as shingles fail and increases fire resistance.

Should Shingles Be Glued To Drip Edge

Santa Won

The adhesive is not needed for holding on a drip edge. What you need are fasteners like roofing nails. Normally, drip edges should extend beyond the roof decking

Apply cement on the drip edges and place the shingles against the adhesive. Remember, adhesives are not needed for holding drip edges but are needed to glue shingles on drip edges.

Shingles along rake edges are powerless to be blown off in tall winds. Normally, the nails alone wont hold the shingles quickly to the roof.

The hazard is that once the shingles along the edge are blown off, the field shingles may be more inclined to be blown off.

For the Roof Edge Seal or a band of the roof, cement to be viable at holding shingles down, place it straightforwardly to wide metal dribble edges.

Youll utilize a trickle edge with at least a 5-in.-wide roof leg. At that point,nail it down at almost 4 in a W design along each length.

In addition to making a difference in holding the shingles from blowing off, fixing the shingles down can offer assistance piece wind-driven rain from getting between the trickle edge and the shingle and making its way onto the underlayment.

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How Much Does A Shingle Roof Cost

With this knowledge, youre now familiar with asphalt roofs and the five key elements to consider when selecting asphalt shingles.

Upon completion of this piece, youre more well-informed to determine if asphalt shingles are the most suitable choice for your roof replacement. Nevertheless, there is still some information concerning getting an asphalt roof that you require which pertains to its cost. To better answer these questions and equip you with even more knowledge, we have already provided the answers.

To learn what you can expect to pay for your asphalt roof replacement, please feel free to contact us!

Dealing With A Mossy Roof

Q: What, if anything, should I do about all the moss thats growing on my roof? Dorothy Plummer, Dingmans Ferry, PA.

A: Tom Silva replies: Moss holds moisture against shingles, shortening their life. It also catches debristwigs, leaves, dirtthat makes the moisture problem worse. But before removing the moss, grab a pair of binoculars and take a good look at your roof. If you see shingles with surface cracks, small blisters, curled-up edges, or areas where the surface granules have worn off, you probably need new roofing. But if the shingles are in good shape, heres how to get rid of the moss.

First, take these precautions: Spray water on all the plants under the section of the roof you will be working on or cover them with plastic tarps. The 50-50 mix of water and bleach thats used to kill moss can also kill or damage any foundation plantings it drips on. Also, because the roof will become very slippery when you spray the moss with the bleach mixture, stay off the roof and on a ladder during the entire process. An extension ladder with a roof standoff provides a secure platform.

Apply the bleach solution with a pump sprayer until the moss is saturated, then wait 15 minutes or so to rinse the roof thoroughly. If your foundation plants arent covered, rinse them, too. Now wait a week or two for the moss to dry up. If you can, get on the roof to brush it off. If not, the dead moss will eventually wash away.

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Calculating How Many Shingles Youll Need

  • 1Convert the area into roofing squares, the measurement used for materials. In roofing terms, a square is 100 square feet . Therefore, divide your total area by 100 to get the number of squares.XResearch source
  • So, for instance, if your total is 2,381 square feet, thats approximately 23.8 squares or 24 squares, rounded up.
  • You can also use an app or a roofing calculator to decide how many shingles youll need.
  • If youre in a country other than the U.S., check the size of roofing bundles in your area before making this calculation, as they can vary from country to country.
  • 2Determine the number of shingle bundles youll need by multiplying by 3. Shingles typically come in a bundle thats large enough to cover 1/3 of a square. To figure out how many bundles youll need, multiply the number of squares by 3.XResearch source
  • So if you have 24 squares, multiply that by 3 to get 72 bundles.
  • 3Figure out the amount of roofing felt youll need by dividing by 2 or 4. Felt is what goes under the shingles. If youre buying 15-pound felt, 1 roll will be enough for 4 squares. If youre buying 30-pound felt, 1 roll will be enough for 2 squares. Divide your squares by one of these numbers to get the number of rolls youll need, depending on the thickness of felt you want.XResearch source
  • If youre trying to cover 24 squares, divide by 4 for a 15-pound roll to get 6 rolls.
  • If youre trying to cover 24 squares with a 30-pound roll, divide by 2 to get 12 rolls.
  • Cons Of Dimensional Shingles

    Is Roofing over an old layer OK? Also know as a re-roof
    • Slightly more expensive – the double layer does add 20% to the cost on average.
    • May be more susceptible to mildew and algae due to the notches – all asphalt shingles are susceptible to mold and mildew because the organic material in the shingle is one of mold’s favorite foods.

    If you are interested in a more attractive option for your roof, call the professionals at Global Roofing Group . In business for over 40 years, we have extensive experience working with all types of shingle roofing for both residential and commercial properties.

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    The Guide With All The Information You Need For A Roof Replacement

    Now you know how often the 5 most popular roofing materials need to be replaced. After reading this article, you should know if its near the time or the right time to replace your roof.

    If it is, theres a lot you need to learn about going through the roof replacement process. You need to choose the right roofing material, know how much your replacement will cost, how to hire a great roofing contractor, and so much more.

    Wouldnt it be great if all this information was in one place? If you answered yes, then we have the guide for you.

    With The Complete Guide to Purchasing a Roof, youll become one of the most informed homeowners in the roofing industry. Dont go into the roof replacement blind, get your free guide now.

    Since 1990, the team at Bill Ragan Roofing has been proud to offer Nashville and surrounding areas high-quality roofing services. We strive to give you and everyone we work with an experience rare in the roofing industry based on honesty, education, and strong workmanship.

    Heres Your Complete Guide to Purchasing a Roof to learn what you need to know about your upcoming roof replacement and to make all the right decisions.

    Calculate The Simple Roof Areas

    On a simple hip or gable roof, multiplying the eave to ridge length by eave length will give the area to be multiplied by pitch factor. Ridge vent openings are best finished with coil rather than partial shingle. Using flat coil stock allows the ridge caps to lay flat and can also be formed with an extra water stop at the ridge opening.

    Area for the roof in Figure 3 is 1784 ft2 The blue dash line divides the roof into 2 rectangles. There is a small area calculated as 8/12 that is actually 4/12. On a small area such as this, it is better to err on the side of the higher pitch since it should not significantly affect the total.

    Pro Tip: Pythagorean Theorem can be used to calculate the length of the valleys. A general rule of thumb is to add at least 12 lineal inches of valley material to be safe.

    Figure 3. Calculating Simple Roof Areas

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