Install The Roof Rake Drip Edge
The third step is to install the drip edge along the rakes of the roof.
The rake drip edge is installed on top of the building paper so that any moisture will be diverted above the paper.
Cut the building paper off flush with the fascia board before installing the drip edge.
Start at the lower end of the rake and overlap the 2 inch return from the eve drip edge that was installed earlier.
At the ridge you can either cut the drip edge to terminate at the ridge or on smaller sheds you can use one piece of drip edge to cover both sides of the roof rakes.
Install The Asphalt Shingle Starter Course
The starter course is the first course of shingles at the eve. It is a course of shingles that have the tabs cut off. You can either buy a starter course shingle that has the tabs cut off or you can cut the tabs off the shingle with a utility knife. The first Starter shingle needs to have 6 inches cut off its end it to create a staggered pattern that does not line up with the full size shingle that will be placed on top of it. Turn the starter shingle upside down so that the sticky asphalt strip can stick to the underlayment just above the drip edge. Install the edge of the starter strip 3/8 over the edge of the drip edge. Install five fasteners in each shingle up 3 to 4 inches from the eve.
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Shingle A Shed Roof Material Required
Before starting the project you should require to arrange following things:
- Roofing felt
- Install Shingles roofing
Step involved in how to shingle a shed roof
After getting the require material you now have to start the project. First of all you should take measurement of shed roof, because this way you will be able to find number of shingles required to cover whole shed roof. Similarly you will find about the other supplies and materials that you have to purchase. It is very important to measure correctly because you must not purchase more than your requirement which results in money wastage, similarly, you cannot afford to purchase less because it will waste your time and energies that you may spend again on purchasing the same thing going to same places that you have visited before.
Now to start with you should unroll the roofing felt on whole of the wooden top. You should staple the felt securely, to avoid any movement and cover the edges of the roof as well. While placing first row of shingles you need to cut the first shingle 6 inches with the help of utility knife and straightedge. One thing you have to ensure is that bottom of the shingle should overhung the roof edge about 3/8 of an inch. After this shingle rest of the shingles in this row should be used full sized.
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Installing Roof Shingles Is A Great Option For Making A Watertight Roof To Your Shed
Installing roof shingles is popular roof covering for sheds in North America and with the advent of more substantial sheds and Home Offices in the UK is an increasingly popular option. Not only does the shed roof have a more attractive, interesting appearance but roof shingles are a more durable roofing option and not much more difficult to install than standard mineral roofing felt which is the most common roofing material for sheds in this country.
How To Install Shingles On A Shed Roof
In this article, get step-by-step instructions for how to roof a shed. There are many different types and styles of roof structures which you could choose for building your storage shed. A shed roof or lean-to is not always what you might imagine. In its basic form, it is simply a roof having only one plane or surface. If youre building a free-standing shed in your backyard, youll likely be installing a gable roof .
These types of roofs are most common and can be found in most neighborhoods across the country. Once youve determined the structure of your roof, its time to get going.
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Cut The Overhanging Shingle Ends
The seventh step is to cut the shingle ends off after the first 6 rows are installed.
On this project we got ahead of ourselves and forgot to cut the shingles after the first six rows.. But the process is the same.
You will use the straight edge of a spare shingle to line up your cut. Flip a shingle over and line the straight edge up with the 3/8″ overhang of the lower shingle. On the top end you will hold the straight edge 3/8″ off the drip edge.
Use your utility knife to cut along the straight edge of the shingle. It sometimes takes several passes with the knife to cut all the way through.
Now, clean the cut edges of the shingles by using a scrap piece of asphalt roofing to burnish the cut edge of the shingles that are installed on the roof.
How To Install Roof Shingles
Position and unroll the detail strip so its square to the line of the eaves. Fix it by nailing the top edge using 10mm galvanised clout nails. Form the drip edge towards any guttering, or nail to the fascia at 5cm intervals.
When laying down your first strip, ensure the shingles are positioned square to the line of the eaves.
- Align the tiles horizontally by interlocking side slots to the edges of the shingles
- Align the tiles vertically by opening guide slots in the top of the shingle strip, so the next strip can fit in
Overlay your first shingle strip, and fix it using 20mm galvanised clout nails. These nails should be placed in line with the tile joints and fixed in just above the bitumen adhesive strip.
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How To Shingle A Shed With 3 Tab And Architectural Shingles
The shed roof is sheathed, now all you have to do is toss up some shingles, and nail them down. Sounds easy, so why do they have all that other stuff in the roofing section at the building supply store? What do you need with drip edge, roofing felt, ice guard, adhesive membrane, a dozen different kinds of nails, and even more choices in shingles than someone has shoes!? Maybe theres more to it than you thought? How do you shingle a shed?
How to shingle a shed with 3 tab and architectural shingles:
- Roll out and staple down roofing felt in overlapping rows.
- Install the drip edge over the gable end felt and under the eaves felt.
- Attach the starter strip
- Nail down the shingles in an overlapping pattern that covers seams and nails.
There are several essential steps to follow when shingling a roof, especially if you want it to last and be weatherproof. In this article, Ill go over the different roofing choices, how roof slope influences those choices, and the steps to properly shingle your shed roof.
Lay The Subsequent Rows
- 6.1 Start off the first row with a whole shingle.
- 6.2 Place the shingle in the starting corner in such a way that the last shingle will overhang the fascia board by 3/8.
- 6.3 Drive in 4 straight nails only until the nail heads make contact with the asphalt. Avoid tearing.
- 6.4 Stagger each new row by a half-tab.
- 6.5 Align the lower edge of the shingle with the top of the notches on the preceding row.
- 6.6 Repeat for every row.
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Remember The Ridge Piece
One you have covered both sides of the roof, you will need to attach a roof ridge shingle. This important piece protects the roof peak from water penetration.
Installing roof shingles, as you have just found is straight forward and if done correctly creates a durable, watertight and attractive roof for your shed!
Get Help With Your Roof Repair Today
If you still have questions about how to shingle a shed roof, American Roofing Company can help. As the leading roofers in the Salt Lake area since 1954, American Roofing can help with any roofing repair or replacement services you may need. We have experience with asphalt shingles, single-ply membrane roofs, and everything in between. Contact us today to learn more about our shed roofing services.
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Step : Start Putting The Metal Panels Into Place
You want to make sure to start straight and keep the edges straight. Keep everything as square and symmetrical as possible.
This also applies to running the screws in a straight line. You can place the screws on either the flat surface or the raised ridges on the roof.
These screws are used for fastening the metal. Thus, the straighter they are, the easier it will be to fasten the metal.
When you install the panels, you will have to cut the valleys by hand. You can pre-measure closely and install them as you go along, or you can cut the panels close, leaving out some of the screws, and then come back later.
Also, be careful not to scratch the colored surfaces of the metal. If you scratch the metal now, it might lead to rust or other problems later. You want to keep any gritty substances from coming into contact with the metal.
S On How To Shingle A Gambrel Roof Easily
Some of you probably havent heard about Gambrel roof. You may not realize it or did not know that such a roof is called a Gambrel roof. A gambrel roof is also known as the barn-style roof, in which the roof has a shallow slope upon the steeper slope of the roof on each side.
So, there are at least 2 sides per face. In many areas, the Gambrel roof also has shingles to cover the roof. In case you own this roof and want to install shingles on top of it, check the article below about how to shingle a Gambrel roof.
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Staple Roofing Felt To The Sheathing
The size of your shed influences the roof membrane selection. 30-pound roofing felt is less expensive than self-adhering water and ice shield. Its a shed, so I use roofing felt.
The roof deck is small, so I roll the felt out on the ground to the length of the roof, plus 1-foot. The extra foot allows for a 6-inch overhang at each end.
Roll the first piece out, so it overhangs at both ends and the front edge. Use stainless steel staples to hold it in place. Roll out the next piece, so it overlaps the first this will help to shed moisture better.
Repeat until the roof is covered. Use the lines on the felt to keep the rolls straight and aligned.
Make Sure The Roof Structure Is Sound Before You Start
But first things first, if you are building a shed from scratch make sure the shed frame is square and level before you begin your roof construction. Once all beams are in place, cover with 12 mm exterior-grade plywood sheathing. Make sure you buy exterior-grade plywood because it is moisture resistant and less likely to warp when exposed to outdoor conditions.
The plywood sheathing should be laid with the grain of the plywood perpendicular to the roof rafters. Laying the sheathing this way ensures that you create a sound structure.
Use a chalk-line to mark each plywood sheet, snapping the line to clearly mark where the rafter beam is located. Then, in accordance with local guidelines, nail the sheathing to the rafter beam using 2″ galvanized nails. Some local guidelines may suggest nailing the sheathing to the rafter beams every 4″ or 6″, the requirements vary based on local weather conditions such as hurricanes, tornados, and snow loads.
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Waterproof The Vent Pipes
- 10.1 – Install shingles right up to the vent pipe.
- 10.2 – Trim shingles so that they fit around the pipe, then nail.
- 10.3 – Insert pre-formed flashing around the vent, then glue with plastic roof cement. The boot should extend 4″ over the lower shingles, rise 8″ on the vent, and extend 6″ on both sides.
- 10.4 – Colmater l’espace entre le tuyau et le solin avec du ciment plastique.
- 10.5 – Continue installing shingles, taking care to completely cover the upper edge of the flashing.
- 10.6 – Glue all parts of shingles overlapping the flashing with plastic cement.
- 10.7 – Coat exposed nails with plastic roof cement
Calculating How Many Shingles Do I Need
How to Measure Your Roof:
- Use a tape measurer to find the length and width of each section of your roof.
- Multiply each section of your Roofs Length x Roofs Width = Roofs Surface Area
- Repeat for each section of your roof.
- Add all of the Roof Surface Area sections together = Roofs Surface Space
- Divide Roofs Surface Space/100 = Square feet also known as Squares
- For example: a 10 Square Roof is actually 1000 sq. ft overall.
- Use this number to buy the correct amount of asphalt roofing shingles and underlayment to cover your total roof area + 10%.
* Full Description below:
The simplest way to get the area of your roof will likely require you climbing up with your tape measure and getting help from a friend or family member. This may be a job best left to the pros if you have any safety concerns about being on a roof. Measure the length and the width of each section of your roof and multiply the two dimensions together. This gives you the roofs surface area of that individual section of roofing. Add all the roofs areas together to find out exactly how much roof surface space there is overall. Do this in feet and then divide the total that you come up with by 100 to get your figure from square feet to what is known as squares. A 10 square roof is actually 1,000 square feet overall.
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Build The Open Metal Valleys
- 4.1 – Install metal valley trim on the membrane, starting at the bottom of the roof.
- 4.2 – Center the trim on the valley and secure the edge with roofing nails. The nail head must maintain the flashing in place. Do not perforate the metal.
- 4.3 – Continue along the valley and lap sections of trim by at least 6″. Coat each overlay with plastic cement.
- 4.4 – Establish two lines on either side of the valley where the shingles will end.
- 4.5 – Place a line at the top, 3″ from the centre on both sides of the valley.
- 4.6 – Deviate 1/8″ per foot as you bring the line down to the drip edge, where the maximum deviation should be 8″.
- 4.7 – Snap the chalk line on both sides of the valley
Take Down Existing Shingles
Remove the existing shingles, felt and nails from the roof with a pry bar. Start at the top of the roof, inserting the pry bar under the shingles and pushing downward. The downward motion forces the opposite end of the pry bar upward, easily removing the shingles and nails in one fell swoop. Start at one side and work your way across the roof, one row at a time until you reach the eaves. Pry out any remaining nails that are left in the sheathing after the shingles are removed. Leave the metal drip edge in place if one already exists.
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How To Finish The Lean To Roof Leading Edge
A lean-to shed leans up against another structure. Waterproofing on type of shed is important, but it is doubly important with a lean-to style shed.
Water that infiltrates a lean-to style shed not only risks the integrity of the lean-to but also the structure it leans against. Thus, ensuring a watertight connection between the lean-to roof and the other structure is critical.
Unlike a stand-alone shed, finishing the top row of shingles on a lean-to does not involve cutting strips. However, you will need a couple of different types of sealers to ensure screws and gaps are not exposed.
Heres how to shingle the last row of a lean-to roof:
Install your shingles to the top edge of your lean-to roof. Ideally, the top edge of the last shingle row is flush with the top edge. If there is only a little space left, then youre fine and dont have to lay another row yet.
If the gap allows you to put another course of shingles, then do it. You may have to trim some off the back to allow it to fit flush against the top edge, which is fine as long as the adhesive strip is still there.
You now have a final row of shingles with lots of exposed nails. These must be covered. Instead of using roofing cement, you will run a final course of shingles.
Overlap the final course of shingles, being sure to stagger them just as you would your other shingle rows. Make sure the last course completely covers the nails of the previous row.
Cover the nail heads with roofing cement.
Install Waterproofing Membrane At Eves Valleys And Where Damming Occurs
Waterproofing membrane is a very thick material that forms a waterproof barrier in areas that are prone to leak. It is typically required along the eves of sheds that are heated to better protect the edges from ice damming. It comes in several forms and is either sticky back or non sticky back. I prefer the bituminous sticky back membrane because it stays where it is put and sticks to itself when it is layered for larger areas, it also does not need fasteners to install it which is good because you are not putting holes in the membrane that is protecting the most leak prone areas of the roof. Install the membrane in valleys by running the 36 wide material straight up the valley. Install it in damming areas like where a wall and valleys that are close to each other or in roof pitch transitions.
If you use a non sticky back membrane and have valleys on your shed, make sure to step on the center line of the valley to get it fully in contact with the wood valley and then attach the outer edges with fasteners about an inch from the edges.
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