Look For These Causes Of Your Roof Leak
If you feel comfortable and confident doing so, the next step is going onto your roof to inspect the area and find the cause of the roof leak.
If you have an especially high-up or steeply-sloped roof, its best to manage a leaking roof from ground level and wait until professional help arrives. However, if your roof is relatively low to the ground, and you have the necessary equipment to follow roof safety precautions , you may choose to investigate the situation yourself.
Once youre on top of the roof, look for these potential causes of a leak:
F Gutters And Downspouts
1. Gutters can cause what seems to be a roof leak that shows up in the interior ceiling-wall edge intersection.
These leaks expose themselves by traveling down gutter fasteners, getting behind the fascia, and sliding down an overhang that is pitched toward the outside wall.
Leak Repair: Leveling the gutter fasteners so they slope away from the house can fix this leak. Spinning the gutter Ferrells seam under the gutter spike can also stop a leak.
If the seam is on top of the spike the water can run down the spike towards the fascia and enter the spike hole finding its way into the overhang.
2. Leaks that are caused by downspouts usually are formed from poor placement.
An example of this would be a downspout outlet placed just behind a wall corner.
Leak Repair: The fix for this is a downspout extension that goes at least six inches beyond the corner, or directly into the gutter.
3. Leaks that start behind the gutter are the product of a short aluminum fascia that does not extend under the gutter- drip edge.
In this case, the water runs behind the fascia and can show itself in the living area below the leaks initial entry point.
How To Find A Roof Leak
If you suspect theres a leak in your roof, you should begin your search by looking at the parts of the roof that are higher or uphill from the stains from both the interior and exterior of your home.
Start by looking for any penetrations, holes, or other visible damage to the roof from the outside if you can, since these issues are the most common causes of leaks.
Roof penetrations and other problems that can cause leaks usually occur around the plumbing, roof vents, chimneys, dormers, and any other construction that projects through the roof.
Note that leaks can occur several feet away from the aforementioned constructions, so make sure you examine the entire roof, not just the area around the projections.
Its highly unlikely for leaks to occur in roofs with uninterrupted surfaces or shingles, even older roofs, so looking for any holes, disruptions in the surface of the roof, or other damage is the first step in the process.
A flat roof repair can be particularly complicated.
A metal roof repair might also be particularly complicated as well, and you may need a commercial roofing contractor to help.
Knowing the type of roof you have may be beneficial in find a roof leak if you unsure on what kind of roof you have, check out this types of roofs guide.
The next step is accessing the attic if you can.
If you switch off outside sources of light, you may be able to see the sources of leaks by pinpointing spots where the outside daylight is entering your roof.
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Tip 3 Fixing Shingle Roofs
Shingle roof repairs are relatively simpler than the other roof types.
Leaks usually occur due to cracked, curled, or missing shingles. Wherever two surfaces meet and around every vent or chimney, look for cracks in the flashing, caulking, or the lines of the roof cement.
Curled-back shingles can be repaired using asphalt cement or compound tubes applied with a caulking gun. In cold weather, make sure you soften the shingles with a propane torch before they are flattened out.
If shingles are torn, rotten, or missing, they need a replacement. Here is how to replace shingles:
- Lift the edges of the surrounding shingles and carefully pluck nails with a pry bar. Remove leftover cement and protruding nails.
- Slide the new shingle into the gap properly aligned and fasten it with nails.
- Cover with roof cement and smoothen the shingle edges.
- When you are replacing shingles, round the corners at the intersections of the top and bottom rows.
- Ridge shingles or tent-shaped shingles can be replaced the same way.
You can also replace the pulled or missing nails with rubber-washered screws and caulk the shingles down. This you can do without removing the shingles.
If The Leak Is Out Of Reach
It might be you dont have access to your attic. Or maybe youve failed to find the leak. If thats the case, youll have to tackle the job from outside as soon as possible. Plastic sheets or a tarp on the roof, weighted down with whatever you have to hand that wont roll off the roof, should do the trick.
But dont do this until the rain stops and the roof is dry. A wet roof is a slippery and dangerous place, even for professionals.
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S To Fix The Leaking Roof
There are various solutions for repairing a leaking roof, including Do-It-Yourself options, but it needs a curious and professional roofer to do it effectively and come up with a solution that wont result in additional leaks. Lets go over the best techniques to fix your leaky roof instead of going for or advocating a complete replacement.
Why Does My Cedar Roof Curl
Curling on wood is a natural process that reflects the continual barrage of the sunâs ultraviolet rays and weather effects like rain on wood. The effects of aging are a necessary consequence of having natural material as the roof of your home. The more elements your cedar roof must protect you from, the faster it is likely to age and show curling shingles. Cedar shake siding curling is common and can also be caused by the same factors as your cedar roof. If youâre wondering why shingles curl, here are some common reasons:
Climate and weather: Cold weather, excessive rain or constant exposure to sunlight are all reasons your cedar roof may start curling. If youâre in an area that receives steady rainfall, the additional moisture could affect your shingles more quickly than in a climate that doesnât get as much rain.
Damages: High winds, harsh storms and large branches can also curl your shingles.
Poor installation: If your roof was installed poorly, itâs more likely to experience curling and other damages than if professionals installed it properly.
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The Water Hose Method
Dry weather may prevent you from locating a leak. Use a water hose to simulate a rainstorm. This approach requires two individuals. While one goes up the roof, the other inspects the underside of the roof with a flashlight to locate the leak. The simulation of a rainstorm helps you to observe your roofs capacity to withstand or fail during an actual storm. This will also help you take the necessary steps to remedy the situation.
Investigate Roof Roof Ridge And Flashing
From the top of the ladder, look at the roof. Raised, damaged, or missing shingles may be leak points. Damaged shingles near the edge of the roof may indicate water leakage from ice dams. Walk on the roof and further examine the shingles, along with the roof ridge. Look at the metal step flashing alongside the chimney for signs of water entry points. Check all pipes and vents that extend from the roof.
- Replacement pipes and fittings
- Plumber’s putty
- Toilet wax or silicone ring seal
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Seal The Leaking Point
Sealing a leaky spot on your roof requires patience. After locating the affected area, wait until the rain has subsided and the affected spots are dried up before taking action. Wet surfaces may affect adherence, and this can affect the intended results.
Make a small circle around the affected spots using chalk. This is better when you have multiple leaking spots. The chalk marking allows you to easily spot the problem areas and patch them once your patch mix is ready.
To make a patch seal:
You can also use a scraper to cover the entire leaking area and surround it with caulking for the best results.
What To Do If The Roof Is Leaking Right Now
If it is raining, you can go to the attic and pinpoint the exact location of the leak. Take a flashlight with you and a piece of chalk, so you will be able to mark the leak.
Search for damp spots on the underside of the roof, and start looking for a thin stream of water. Then, follow the leak all the way up until the wood is no longer wet. Search for possible entry points, such as the roof, vents, loose nails, and once you find the leak, mark it with the chalk.
Also, look for water running down the chimney, or for water running down the pipes. Mark any problems with the chalk.
Once it stops raining, examine the leak more closely, and start working towards the repair. Examine the exterior of the roof, and start repairing the leak.
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Using A Plastic Covering
The roofer takes all the measurements before using a plastic cover to repair a leaking roof from the inside. Many people use four feet polyethylene rolls, while others use eight feet 2×4 of plastic to completely cover the roof.
It is crucial to cut the plastic lengthwise. Open the rolls and cut them properly to cover the ridge to the eave. The roofer usually uses a quality knife to make accurate cuts. In addition, the professional uses a staple gun to attach the eight feet 2×4 pieces to the wood.
The roofer then takes the second piece of 2×4 and places the plastic between them. The next step requires the technician to put together the 2×4 pieces using a nail. The roofer repeats the procedure for the other part of the plastic covering.
Once done, it is time to cover the roof with plastic. The roofer accesses the rooftop and places the cover on the roof. A professional roofer always ensures setting one pair of the pieces over the rooftop and stretches the remaining ones to make them go down to the roof. Lastly, if your roof is leaking from the inside, dont hesitate to call us today!
Use Roofing Patch Or Tar
Using a roofing patch, tar, and a piece of plywood, create a temporary leak. The roofing tar should be applied with a utility knife to the hole or base of the roof deck.
Attach the plywood or shingle to the tar put aside for roofing, being sure to add enough asphalt all around the leaking areas edges. Consider taking this action to strengthen and secure the situation.
Pressing roofing tar into a piece of shingle or plywood is required to plug the leak. Apply any of these materials to the leaking spot with the use of a knife. Please make sure the targets are centered around the leaked patch.
So, it stays put. To get the best results, use a scraper to cover the entire leaking site and surround it with caulking, ensuring that it distributes evenly.
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Tip 5 Fixing A Wooden Shake Roof
As wood attracts water, it becomes highly vulnerable to cracks and leaks.
The constant cycle of swelling and shrinking of wood results in broken or split shakes. The sunlight invades the spaces between the shakes, called keyways, leaving the felt exposed.
A wood shake repair consists of replacing split shakes and installing wood segments in the keyways to block the exploded felt.
For wooden shake roof repair, follow these steps:
- Slant a sharp chisel up into the shake at the same angle as the pitch of the roof and split it carefully using a hammer. Remove pieces of damaged shake. Use a hacksaw to eliminate nail heads.
- Cut the new shake 3/8 inch smaller than the previous gap measurement , using a fine-tooth hacksaw.
- Install the new shake with its top edge placed on overlapping shingles. Nail down the shake with two roofing nails, one on each side.
- With a nail set, secure the nail heads and seal them with a caulking compound.
If you were not able to cut off old nails, youll have to carve the new shake to fit in the gap.
Fix Plumbing Vent Boots
Plumbing vent boots can be all plastic, plastic and metal, or even two-piece metal units. Check plastic bases for cracks and metal bases for broken seams. Then examine the rubber boot surrounding the pipe. That can be rotted away or torn, allowing water to work its way into the house along the pipe. With any of these problems, you should buy a new vent boot to replace the old one. But if the nails at the base are missing or pulled free and the boot is in good shape, replace them with the rubber-washered screws used for metal roofing systems. You’ll find them at any home center with the rest of the screws. You’ll have to work neighboring shingles free on both sides. If you don’t have extra shingles, be careful when you remove shingles so they can be reused. Use a flat bar to separate the sealant between the layers. Then you’ll be able to drive the flat bar under the nail heads to pop out the nails.
Quick Ways To Find And Fix An Emergency Roof Leak
Roof leaks are no joke not only can the be annoying and frustrating to deal with, but they can also be detrimental to the structure of your house. If your roof is leaking continuously, mold can start to form in your house, causing potential health problems. If the weather is too bad to get a roofer out or if you dont have the money to spend on a professional residential roofer right at that moment, then you need a quick and easy fix to stop the roof leak.
How To Minimize The Damage Of A Roof Leak
Roof leaks not only make water drip from your ceiling, but they can also compromise the structural integrity of your house. Its important to take actions to minimize damage as soon as you realize theres a problem.
If the roof leak is causing the ceiling drywall to sag, the best thing to do is to take a pencil and poke a hole in the center of the affected area. But a bucket under the hole and watch the water pour through.
This will keep the water from spreading out over the ceiling and damaging the walls and decor, which can potentially cause the ceiling to collapse. As soon as you have this situated, then its time to go and find where the leak is coming from.
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Common Causes Of Roof Leakage
Weather, such as high winds and hail, can damage your shingles either directly or by knocking overhanging tree branches against them.
Shingles dont last forever. They usually come with a warrantied period of 15 to 50 years. As they age, they are more prone to damage from the weather.
Misdiagnosing the cause of leaks leads to further damage. If the cause isnt apparent, contact a professional. Depending on the cause of the damage, insurance will often cover the replacement. Insurance companies typically require a licensed professional to attend to the roof.
Roof Leak Repair: How To Find A Roof Leak And What To Do
A roof leak can be complicated to find, difficult to fix, and even scary for homeowners and property owners since the physical condition can put livability of your property at risk.
So accordingly, you need to find the area of the leaking roof and fix it fast before even more damage to your property has occurred.
And if the roof leak repair is significant or you cant fix a leaky roof yourself, you can always consult your insurance agent and an experienced roofing contractor if you are concerned about insurance covering the costs.
It is possible to fix a minor leaky roof or smaller leaks yourself, and heres how to tell if you have a leak in your roof and the various ways to fix it before things get worse.
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Damaged Or Missing Shingles
Your roofs shingles take the brunt of severe weather and are the first protection against the elements. So, of course, they can be damaged during hail and wind storms, but with suitable materials and a decent roof, they can withstand a lot. But if you notice any missing, loose, or dented shingles, you need to get those repaired right away.
Although damaged shingles may not have caused an immediate leak in the roof, if left alone, it can cause a slow leak that affects more than just your roof.